Although Section 841 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181) is the operative text for the Commission on Wartime Contracting, other provisions of the NDAA of 2008 are relevant to its work (e.g., Section 842 with regard to Inspectors General audits, and Sections 1221 and 1229), as well as other laws such as the National Defense Authorization Acts for Fiscal Years 2009 (Public Law 110-417) and 2010 (Public Law 111-84).
NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT (NDAA) FOR FISCAL YEAR 2008: COMMISSION ON WARTIME CONTRACTING IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN, 110th Congress, Public Law 110-181, Section 841
Excerpt, Public Law 110-181, Section 2, Division A, Title VIII, Subtitle D, Sec. 841 - Establishing the Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan
PUBLIC LAW 110-181 - JAN. 28, 2008
DIVISION A-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS TITLE VIII-ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED MATTERS
Subtitle D-Accountability in Contracting
SEC. 841. COMMISSION ON WARTIME CONTRACTING IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT.-There is hereby established a commission to be known as the "Commission on Wartime Contracting'' (in this section referred to as the "Commission'').
(b) MEMBERSHIP MATTERS.-
(1) MEMBERSHIP.-The Commission shall be composed of 8 members, as follows:
(A) 2 members shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate, in consultation with the Chairmen of the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
(B) 2 members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, in consultation with the Chairmen of the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
(C) 1 member shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate, in consultation with the Ranking Minority Members of the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
(D) 1 member shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, in consultation with the Ranking Minority Member of the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
(E) 2 members shall be appointed by the President, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State.
(2) DEADLINE FOR APPOINTMENTS.-All appointments to the Commission shall be made not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
(3) CO-CHAIRMEN.-The Commission shall have two cochairmen, including-
(A) a co-chairman who shall be a member of the Commission jointly designated by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate; and
(B) a co-chairman who shall be a member of the Commission jointly designated by the minority leader of the House of Representatives and the minority leader of the Senate.
(4) VACANCY.-In the event of a vacancy in a seat on the Commission, the individual appointed to fill the vacant seat shall be-
(A) appointed by the same officer (or the officer's successor) who made the appointment to the seat when the Commission was first established; and
(B) if the officer in subparagraph (A) is of a party other than the party of the officer who made the appointment to the seat when the Commission was first established, chosen in consultation with the senior officers in the Senate and the House of Representatives of the party which is the party of the officer who made the appointment to the seat when the Commission was first established.
(c) DUTIES.- (1) GENERAL DUTIES.-The Commission shall study the following matters:
(A) Federal agency contracting for the reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan.
(B) Federal agency contracting for the logistical support of coalition forces operating in Iraq and Afghanistan.
(C) Federal agency contracting for the performance of security functions in Iraq and Afghanistan.
(2) SCOPE OF CONTRACTING COVERED.-The Federal agency contracting covered by this subsection includes contracts entered into both in the United States and abroad for the performance of activities described in paragraph (1).
(3) PARTICULAR DUTIES.-In carrying out the study under this subsection, the Commission shall assess-
(A) the extent of the reliance of the Federal Government on contractors to perform functions (including security functions) in Iraq and Afghanistan and the impact of this reliance on the achievement of the objectives of the United States;
(B) the performance exhibited by Federal contractors for the contracts under review pursuant to paragraph (1), and the mechanisms used to evaluate contractor performance;
(C) the extent of waste, fraud, and abuse under such contracts;
(D) the extent to which those responsible for such waste, fraud, and abuse have been held financially or legally accountable;
(E) the appropriateness of the organizational structure, policies, practices, and resources of the Department of Defense and the Department of State for handling program management and contracting for the programs and contracts under review pursuant to paragraph (1);
(F) the extent to which contractors under such contracts have engaged in the misuse of force or have used force in a manner inconsistent with the objectives of the operational field commander; and
(G) the extent of potential violations of the laws of war, Federal law, or other applicable legal standards by contractors under such contracts.
(1) INTERIM REPORT.-On March 1, 2009, the Commission shall submit to Congress an interim report on the study carried out under subsection (c), including the results and findings of the study as of that date.
(2) OTHER REPORTS.-The Commission may from time to time submit to Congress such other reports on the study carried out under subsection (c) as the Commission considers appropriate.
(3) FINAL REPORT.-Not later than two years after the date of the appointment of all of the members of the Commission under subsection (b), the Commission shall submit to Congress a final report on the study carried out under subsection (c). The report shall-
(A) include the findings of the Commission;
(B) identify lessons learned relating to contingency program management and contingency contracting covered by the study; and
(C) include specific recommendations for improvements to be made in-
(i) the process for defining requirements and developing statements of work for contracts in contingency contracting;
(ii) the process for awarding contracts and task or delivery orders in contingency contracting;
(iii) the process for contingency program management;
(iv) the process for identifying, addressing, and providing accountability for waste, fraud, and abuse in contingency contracting;
(v) the process for determining which functions are inherently governmental and which functions are appropriate for performance by contractors in a contingency operation (including during combat operations), especially whether providing security in an area of combat operations is inherently governmental;
(vi) the organizational structure, resources, policies, and practices of the Department of Defense and the Department of State for performing contingency program management; and
(vii) the process by which roles and responsibilities with respect to management and oversight of contracts in contingency contracting are distributed among the various departments and agencies of the Federal Government, and interagency coordination and communication mechanisms associated with contingency contracting.
(e) OTHER POWERS AND AUTHORITIES.-
(1) HEARINGS AND EVIDENCE.-The Commission or, on the authority of the Commission, any portion thereof, may, for the purpose of carrying out this section-
(A) hold such hearings and sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, receive such evidence, administer such oaths (provided that the quorum for a hearing shall be three members of the Commission); and
(B) provide for the attendance and testimony of such witnesses and the production of such books, records, correspondence, memoranda, papers, and documents; as the Commission, or such portion thereof, may determine advisable.
(2) INABILITY TO OBTAIN DOCUMENTS OR TESTIMONY.-In the event the Commission is unable to obtain testimony or documents needed to conduct its work, the Commission shall notify the committees of Congress of jurisdiction and appropriate investigative authorities.
(3) ACCESS TO INFORMATION.-The Commission may secure directly from the Department of Defense and any other department or agency of the Federal Government any information or assistance that the Commission considers necessary to enable the Commission to carry out the requirements of this section. Upon request of the Commission, the head of such department or agency shall furnish such information expeditiously to the Commission. Whenever information or assistance requested by the Commission is unreasonably refused or not provided, the Commission shall report the circumstances to Congress without delay.
(4) PERSONNEL.-The Commission shall have the authorities provided in section 3161 of title 5, United States Code, and shall be subject to the conditions set forth in such section, except to the extent that such conditions would be inconsistent with the requirements of this section.
(5) DETAILEES.-Any employee of the Federal Government may be detailed to the Commission without reimbursement from the Commission, and such detailee shall retain the rights, status, and privileges of his or her regular employment without interruption.
(6) SECURITY CLEARANCES.-The appropriate departments or agencies of the Federal Government shall cooperate with the Commission in expeditiously providing to the Commission members and staff appropriate security clearances to the extent possible pursuant to existing procedures and requirements, except that no person shall be provided with access to classified information under this section without the appropriate security clearances.
(7) VIOLATIONS OF LAW.-
(A) REFERRAL TO ATTORNEY GENERAL.-The Commission may refer to the Attorney General any violation or potential violation of law identified by the Commission in carrying out its duties under this section.
(B) REPORTS ON RESULTS OF REFERRAL.-The Attorney General shall submit to Congress a report on each prosecution, conviction, resolution, or other disposition that results from a referral made under this subparagraph.
(f) TERMINATION.-The Commission shall terminate on the date that is 60 days after the date of the submittal of its final report under subsection (d)(3).
(g) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
(1) CONTINGENCY CONTRACTING.-The term "contingency contracting'' means all stages of the process of acquiring property or services during a contingency operation.
(2) CONTINGENCY OPERATION.-The term "contingency operation'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
(3) CONTINGENCY PROGRAM MANAGEMENT.-The term "contingency program management'' means the process of planning, organizing, staffing, controlling, and leading the combined efforts of participating personnel for the management of a specific acquisition program or programs during contingency operations.
[Note: Section 822 of Public Law 111-84, the NDAA for FY 2010, extended the Commission's term for up to a year. See Related Laws on this site.]