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NBII A-Z Index


Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI)
The national Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI) is a multi-sector effort, coordinated by the U.S. Geological Survey, to monitor amphibians on public lands across the nation. ARMI

Access Newsletter
Published quarterly, Access is your source for news about the NBII and the world of biological informatics. Need to learn more about new NBII products and services? Interested in NBII's role in national and international biological informatics spheres? Want to find out about new NBII partners and projects? Access can give you all the latest news in a clear, concise, user-friendly format. Access Newsletter

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Bee Identification Guides
Effective surveillance and monitoring of bee populations is highly dependent on valid species identification and robust taxonomic classifications. In 2005, the NBII first provided a grant to its partner Discover Life to support a project on developing online interactive identification keys or Guides to the Bee Genera of North America East of the Mississippi River. Bee Identification Guides

Best Sustainability Practices
A searchable database of examples of best practices in growth management, sustainable development, and environmental conservation in the Southern Appalachian Highlands. Best Sustainability Practices

Biogeographic Information and Observation System (BIOS)
BIOS is a system designed to enable the management, visualization, and analysis of biogeographic data collected by the Department of Fish and Game and its Partner Organizations. In addition, BIOS facilitates the sharing of those data within the BIOS community. BIOS integrates GIS, relational database management, and ESRI's ArcIMS technology to create a statewide, integrated information management tool that can be used on any computer with access to the Internet. Biogeographic Information and Observation System

Butterflies and Moths of North America
Butterflies and Moths of North America is an interactive, searchable, and updateable web-enabled database of butterfly and moth information. Data contained therein include distribution maps, species accounts, photographs, and checklists of species by U.S. county or by Mexican state.
Butterflies and Moths of North America


Cactus Moth Detection and Monitoring Network
Concerned about the potential damage caused by the cactus moth, a partnership has been formed between federal agencies (USGS BRD, USDA APHIS), state agencies (states' Departments of Agriculture), universities (Mississippi State University) Cooperative Extension Service, and other interested groups to monitor the distribution of the cactus moth. This partnership developed the Cactus Moth Detection and Monitoring Network, composed of volunteer monitors from public and private land management units, garden clubs and Master Gardeners to monitor the spread of the moth. The program relies on volunteers to monitor cactus populations and report observations. This is the first step of an Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) approach. The data will be used to support modeling efforts to better predict likely locations for new prickly pear cactus and cactus moth, helping guide surveys. Cactus Moth Detection and Monitoring Network

Cactus Locations
The CMDMN is storing several different types of information about prickly pear cactus and the cactus moth. Some of this information is provided graphically through a GIS application. The system displays the locations of prickly pear cacti with the moth sightings included. Negative reports are also being used for modeling purposes. In the effort to monitor the progress of the cactus moth, sentinel sites have been established along the leading edge. These sites are monitored on a regular basis for the presence of the cactus moth. Cactus Locations

Children's Butterfly Site
The Children's Butterfly Site is an educational opportunity for all ages. Investigate a butterfly's transformation during metamorphosis, browse images of species from across the globe, or print coloring book pages. Learn all about these magnificent creatures by reading answers to the extensive frequently asked questions. Children's Butterfly Site

Community Resource Mapper
From the Southeast Watershed Forum, this service will allow you to create maps at a county, watershed or state level, showcasing your satellite imagery, impaired streams, impervious surface, protected lands, State Wildlife Action Plans and much more. Community Resource Mapper




Early Detection, Rapid Response (EDRR)
The National Early Detection, Rapid Assessment, and Rapid Response Framework prototype developed and hosted by the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) Invasive Species Information Node. The framework prototype consists of six main components: Identification and Validation, Reporting, Expert Verification, Occurrence Databases, Rapid Assessment, Planning, and Rapid Response. EDRR


Fish On-Line
A management and delivery system for aquatic biological monitoring data. “Fish On”-Line allows users to search for aquatic data in the State of Idaho by selecting a sampling site or a stream.  These data can be filtered further by fish species and date of sample. Idaho Water Science Center Fish Data Home Page 

Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (FAR) Data Access Wizard
The Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (FAR) Data Access Wizard helps you discover and access fisheries-related data. Data can be searched using keywords, themes, geographic extent and data providers. Most of the available data is in a spatial, or GIS, format and can be accessed in a variety of ways: Data can be directly downloaded as-is to your desktop computer. Multiple data sets can be added to a 'data cart' to be downloaded simultaneously. Data in your data cart can also be clipped to a specific geographic area and re-projected on-the-fly prior to download. Many data sets can also be viewed online via Web mapping applications or accessed dynamically by a desktop GIS client using ArcIMS or WMS Map Services.FAR Data Access Wizard

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GAP Serve
These pages provide access to GAP state data and reports for completed state GAP projects. You can read project Final Reports online, or download them. You can also view or download GAP data by state, by theme, or by vertebrate species. By downloading through GAP Serve you can download data from multiple states in the same projection (WGS84).GAP Serve

Genetics and Genomics (USGS)
Research summaries and images; contact information for scientists; a full genetics and genomics glossary; and detailed information about methods, equipment, services, and expertise available at USGS science centers and cooperative research units are just some of the site's assets that facilitate collaboration between scientists and increase the understanding of USGS genetics and genomics to the public. The site is integral to the USGS Biology Web site and is made possible by NBII, USGS scientists, and USGS Genetics and Genomics Coordinator Kay Marano Briggs. USGS Genetics and Genomics Research

Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
List of Invasive Alien Species Online Information Systems ...a list of Internet-accessible databases and information systems providing species, bibliographic, taxonomic, expertise, distributions, images and many other information types as they pertain to invasive, exotic, alien, introduced, non-native species, and all other species of world flora and fauna. Organization is coordinated/Chaired by NBII. GISIN List of Invasive Alien Species Online Information Systems

Global Wildlife Disease News Map
The Global Wildlife Disease News Map displays news articles from the Wildlife Disease News Digest. On it users can easily see wildlife disease headlines both locally and globally. The Map displays Wildlife Disease News Digest articles that have been posted within the last 45 days that have a geographical reference. Global Wildlife Disease News Map

Great Basin Bibliography
The Great Basin Bibliography includes papers from scientific journals, theses and dissertations, government publications, and articles from popular magazines and newspapers about the issues, activities, and research within the Great Basin and Columbia Plateau regions. Great Basin Bibliography

Great Basin Image Catalogue
The Great Basin Image Catalog houses a selection from 20+ years of research within the Great Basin and Columbia Plateau regions.For more information: Great Basin Image Catalogue

Great Basin Metadata Server
The Great Basin Metadata Server includes information about spatial and biological data that overlay the extent of the Great Basin and Columbia Plateau.  This metadata server is a Node of the NBII Metadata Clearinghouse. NBII Great Basin Metadata Server

Global Invasive Species Information Network (GISIN)
The Global Invasive Species Information Network is a platform for sharing invasive species information at a global level, via the Internet and other digital means. The organization is coordinated/chaired by NBII. GISIN


Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Early Detection Data System (HEDDS)
HEDDS provides a data repository into which partners from different organizations and agencies can voluntarily contribute their AI surveillance data. This data can then be rolled together and summarized for mapping and reports. The application is capable of holding data from national and state agencies, universities, and other nongovernmental organizations. HEDDS will assist scientists in evaluating surveillance activities and refining monitoring strategies should HPAI be detected in the United States. It allows researchers to share information on sampling locations, bird species sampled, and test results. HEDDS

Hudson River Watershed Mapper
This Web Mapping Service (WMS) backed application is served via the ESRI ArcServer Java Development Platform. Users may explore a wide array of data holdings specific to the Hudson River Watershed region. A custom hyperlink tool provides a location specific gateway to environmental observations on water conditions, and historical data from the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS). Compliance reports for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit holders in the area are also accessible through the application. Hudson River Watershed Mapper


Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis (IHN) Fish Virus Database
This web site provides the ability to look at geographic distribution of genetic diversity in the IHN virus on maps. It also allows comparison by number of base pairs difference between isolates. Users can query specific virus-related disease data from each of the virus isolates and compare the associated biological, genetic, and spatial components. Results are displayed in tabular form and on an interactive map, both of which are highly customizable. A special feature allows users to compare viral genetic sequences from samples collected in disparate locations or at different times. IHN Fish Virus Database

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
ITIS provides taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world. ITIS

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
The Invasive Plant Atlas of New England's (IPANE) mission is to create a comprehensive web-accessible database of invasive and potentially invasive plants in New England that will be continually updated by a network of professionals and trained volunteers. The database will facilitate education and research that will lead to a greater understanding of invasive plant ecology and support informed conservation management. An important focus of the project is the early detection of, and rapid response to, new invasions. IPANE

Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth (IPAMS)
A large number of invasive aquatic and terrestrial plant species have become introduced into the United States. While several agencies have developed databases for tracking the locations and status of these invaders, these agencies do not have the resources to thoroughly track the presence and locations of these species in the states, relying instead on voluntary reporting of locations. An important component to a state and regional coordination of management efforts will be an accessible and up-to-date database of invasive species locations and actions to manage them, operated and managed at the regional level. GRI is actively mapping the locations of invasive aquatic and terrestrial plant species in the Midsouth, and entering them into our web-based database for invasive plant species. This database will be developed in collaboration with national USGS and other agency databases and structures, and the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE), with mechanisms and procedures in place to ensure data transmission both upward (nationally) and downward to the local level for rapid assessment and response. IPAMS

Invasive Species Database
The Global Invasive Species Database focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. Species information is either supplied by or reviewed by expert contributors from around the world.
Global Invasive Species Database

ITIS World Bees Checklist
Together with specialists around the world, ITIS has completed a check list of the bee species on a global scale. The checklist includes some synonyms and subspecies and is fully integrated into the ITIS database. ITIS World Bee Checklist


Jamaica Bay Research and Management Information Network (JBRMIN)
The Jamaica Bay Research and Management Information Network (JBRMIN) is a growing community-driven knowledge base of past, present, and future activities in Jamaica Bay, a nutrient rich estuary covering nearly 32 square miles located on the southwestern tip of Long Island, in the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, and the town of Hempstead in Nassau County. The site draws on information from over 70 organizations, namely federal, state and local government agencies, academic institutions, non-governmental organizations, and private industry contributing missions, objectives, programs, projects, publications, data sets, maps, and events.  JBRMIN is the official site for tracking the progress of the 1st ever Watershed Protection Plan, a joint effort between the New York City Department of Environmental Protection and an appointed advisory committee of bay stakeholders to restore and maintain the bay’s water quality. Jamaica Bay Research and Management Information Network (JBRMIN)


List of North American (North of Mexico) Introduced and Alien Bee Species (July 2008)
Compiled by Sam Droege (USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center) using information drawn from literature, consultations with active collectors, online collection data available via the Global Mapper on Discover Life, and John Ascher's compilation of distributional data.
List of North American (North of Mexico) Introduced and Alien Bee Species

Library of Images From the Environment (LIFE)
A growing library of diverse, well-documented images of nature and the environment. Contributed by photographers and organizations, most images are freely available for use. NBII LIFE


Metadata Clearinghouse
The National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) Metadata Clearinghouse is an initiative to help you locate, evaluate, and access biological data and information from cooperating data partners and information sources. The Clearinghouse also provides access to software tools to use in analyzing, integrating, and applying biological data. NBII Metadata Clearinghouse

Microbiology (USGS)
The USGS Microbiology Web site allows you to explore the diverse expertise of USGS microbiologists and the relevance of USGS microbiology research to national priorities such as human health, bioremediation, fish and wildlife disease, energy, and climate change. Research summaries, images, and contact information for scientists and facilities across disciplines biology, water, geography, and geology are a few assets that will facilitate collaboration between scientists and increase the understanding of USGS microbiology to the public. USGS Microbiology

Mid-Atlantic Information Node Data Wizard
A database that provides access to thousands of data sets related to the Mid Atlantic region. Users may search by keyword, theme, data provider, and state or browse all data and Internet Map Services. In addition, users can add data to a Data Cart. The MAIN Data Cart provides the ability to select, clip, and re-project a group of data. The data is then zipped together for easy download. The MAIN Internet Map Services can be imported directly into a desktop GIS. The services available include image, feature, and WMS. Users can also view data in Google Earth. Mid-Atlantic Data Access Wizard

Midwinter Bald Eagle Count
The Midwinter Bald Eagle Count database houses the results of Midwinter Bald Eagle Surveys conducted from 1986-2000. Survey data include 101,777 observations of eagles collected during 5,180 surveys along 563 routes in 42 states. These data can be accessed by several query methods: by state, route, name, or Latitude/Longitude. Midwinter Bald Eagle Count

Multi-State Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS)
A cooperative effort to link state aquatic databases and make the data accessible in a common format via the Internet. Eleven states currently participate in MARIS: Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Wyoming. States participating in MARIS maintain their own databases, but MARIS provides access to their datasets in one place. The project provides access to fisheries data including catch presence, species abundance, lake characteristics, stream characteristics, and lakes with public access. MARIS


National Academy of Sciences Report - the Status of Pollinators in North America. (October 2006)
An analysis of the status of managed and unmanaged pollinator populations in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. USGS provided funding for this report. Available for purchase online. Status of Pollinators in North America Report

National Fisheries Data Infrastructure (NFDI)
The National Fisheries Data Infrastructure integrates multiple fisheries information systems to obtain a view of U.S. freshwater fish distribution. Information about NFDI

National Framework for Early Detection, Rapid Assessment, and Rapid Response (see EDRR)

National Institute of Invasive Species Science (NIISS)
A hub for invasive species science collaboration, coordination, and integration across agencies and disciplines. NIISS

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database (NAS)
A central repository for spatially referenced biogeographic accounts of nonindigenous aquatic species. NAS

North American Breeding Bird Atlases
Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA) is a population survey project designed to cover large geographic areas using a grid based system and is generally organized at the state or provincial level. Each participant in the project, referred to as an observer or 'atlaser', is assigned one or more blocks (grid cells) in which to conduct extensive area searches. They record any breeding evidence observed for each bird species; this evidence is categorized as "confirmed", "probable" or "possible". The results can be mapped and will then provide comprehensive information about the distribution of breeding birds in the region covered.
North American Breeding Bird Atlases


Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS-USA)
A regional (USA) database to the international OBIS initiative. It will contain all biogeographic information from US ocean waters (including the Great Lakes) as well as other data that are collected by US researchers. OBIS


Pollinator Species
There are over 100,000 species - some counts estimate up to 200,000 species - of pollinators, including vertebrates such as mammals and birds, and insects and other invertebrates. Search these Web pages for pollinator species profiles. Pollinator Species

Pollinators Project, NBII
Pollinators such as bees, birds, bats, insects, and reptiles play a crucial role in flowering plant reproduction and in the production of most fruits and vegetables. Data and information on pollinators is sparse and where it does exist, it is often difficult to access. The NBII Pollinators Project seeks to increase access to information about the biology, ecology, conservation status, and threats to native pollinators, pollinator-dependent species, and pollinator habitats in the United States and abroad. NBII Pollinators Project

Pollinators Thematic Network, IABIN
The NBII Pollinators Project provides in-kind support to the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN) Pollinators Thematic Network (PTN) by hosting and maintaining the IABIN PTN Web site and providing technology design, data management, and quality review support in the development of an online Pollinator Experts Database; Darwin Core Extensions for Pollinator Data Exchange; and a Data Digitization and Standardization tool.
IABIN Pollinators Thematic Network

Protected Areas Database (PAD-US)
The NBII GAP Analysis Program is participating in a consortium to create PAD-US. The database is populated with GAP and other data on protected areas, stewardship status, and other information. PAD-US

Pygmy Rabbit Research and Management
This website is designed to provide an online forum for scientists and managers interested in pygmy rabbit conservation.  Learn more about the conservation status, taxonomy, distribution, and life-history of the species.   You can also find tips on detecting these rabbits and where current populations are located.
Pygmy Rabbit Research and Management


The NBII Reptiles Project provides introductory information about reptiles and connects to hundreds of reptile resources on the Web. NBII Reptiles


Sage Grouse Local Working Group (LWG) Locator
The LWG Locator is a web-based, geographically-linked database that describes Local Working Groups and what types of projects and conservation efforts have been identified in their area. The LWG Locator provides a central resource for LWGs and interested stakeholders to facilitate greater connectivity and information exchange throughout the region.Sage Grouse Local Working Group Locator

The SAGEMAP project, conducted by the Snake River Field Station (SRFS) of the USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, identifies and collects spatial data layers needed for research and management of sage grouse and shrub-steppe ecosystems. The datasets, which can be queried, viewed, and downloaded, are important for our understanding and management of shrub-steppe lands and associated wildlife. SAGEMAP

Science Locator
The Great Basin Information Project's Science Locator is a comprehensive project-oriented research and management information tool for the entire Intermountain West.  The map-based interactive website provides location, description, and contact information for research and management projects throughout the region.  The Internet Map Server interface allows you to select from the full list of projects based on the primary focus or class of project, sponsoring agency, or principal scientist. Science Locator

Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy
Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy is a new peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides a platform for the dissemination of new practices and for dialogue emerging out of the field of sustainability. The e-Journal fills a gap in the literature by establishing a forum for cross-disciplinary discussion of empirical and social sciences, practices, and policies related to sustainability. Sustainability will facilitate communication among scientists, practitioners, and policy makers who are investigating and shaping nature-society interactions and working towards sustainable solutions. Sustainability: Science, Practice, and Policy


Teaming with Life: Investing in Science to Understand and Use America's Living Capital
This 1998 document, authored by the President's Committee of Advisors for Science and Technology (PCAST) Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystems,was the foundation for the establishment of the National Biological Information Infrastructure. Teaming with Life

Texas Coastal Fisheries Mapping Application
The Texas Coastal Fisheries Mapping Application and Data Download gives the user over 30 years of fisheries data from the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Texas Coastal Fisheries Mapping Application

The Very Handy Manual: How to Catch and Identify Bees and Manage a Collection
Inventory and Monitoring Lab with input from specialist researchers and taxonomists over several years from 2004-2008, this guide provides detailed instructions on bee monitoring techniques including specimen collection, processing and management; bee identification; and more! The Very Handy Manual


United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Focal Species
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Migratory Bird Program's Focal Species Strategy (PDF) identifies migratory bird species in need of focused conservation action and then leads targeted campaigns to return the species to healthy and sustainable levels, as a means to better measure success in achievement of conservation priorities. The Strategy began in 2005 when 139 focal species were selected by evaluating characteristics such as population trends, small population sizes or ranges, threats to habitats, and other factors including likelihood of conservation success. Each year, the USFWS identifies a subset of these focal species as the focus for development of species conservation action plans. Individual focal species pages and outcomes are accessible through this site. (USFWS) Focal Species

United States Virtual Herbarium
The NBII is an active member of the USVH Coordinating Committee, which works to strengthen regional herbaria efforts and facilitate development of tools to increase data availability across the country through the USVH network. US Virtual Herbarium




Wildlife Diseases News Digest
This news service focuses on wildlife diseases, and wildlife morbidity/mortality, especially as they relate to human and ecosystem health. It covers emerging infectious diseases, zoonosis, environmental toxins, population threats, unexplained incidents, die-offs and more. Wildlife Disease News Digest


Yellowstone Ecosystem (Greater Yellowstone GIS Data)
The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem is a region of lands including and around Yellowstone National Park. These lands are managed by a mix of private individuals, states, and several federal agencies.GIS data layers of the Greater Yellowstone Area have been created by the USGS Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center. Greater Yellowstone GIS Data


Zoonotic Diseases
One risk in working with or around wildlife is potential exposure to zoonotic diseases: diseases transmitted between animals and people. To provide information on potential risks and biosafety measures for handling avian species, the USGS National Wildlife Health Center presented a 90-min seminar titled ‘Avian Zoonotic Diseases: Work Smart, Stay Safe.’ Zoonotic Diseases

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