Animals and Plants of the Region

The southeastern United States is a worldwide center for biological diversity. Geography, climate, and geologic history combine in the southeastern U.S. to provide unique habitats varying from high elevation boreal forests in the Appalachian Mountains to coastal wetlands and estuaries.

The diverse habitats of the southeastern U.S. provide for equally diverse plant and animal species assemblages among amphibians, birds, fishes, invertebrates, mammals, plants, and reptiles. Choose a species group from the navigation menu or click any of the linked images below to explore more information about each group of species.

Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminckii). [Photo: Gary M. Stolz, USFWS]


Prairie Warbler (Dendroica discolor) [Photo: Steve Maslowski, USFWS]


Squirrel Treefrog [Photo: Southeast Ecological Science Center, USGS]


Blackbanded Sunfish (Enneacanthus chaetodon) [Photo: Wayne Davis, USEPA,]


Flatwoods Digger (Fallicambarus oryktes) [Photo: SB Adams, USDA Forest Service]

Freshwater Invertebrates

Black bear (Ursus americanus) [Photo: Terry Spivey, USFWS]


Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) and fly poison, (Amianthium muscitoxicum) blooms.  [Photo: John F. Mitchell, USNPS]


Lepidopteran species [Photo: Elizabeth Sellers, NBII Library of Images from the Environment]

Butterflies and Moths

Land snail [Copyright: Dan Dourson, Ron Caldwell, Lincoln Memorial University]

Land Snails and Slugs

Resources for Animal and Plant Images
Are you looking for images of plants and animals of the Southeast? Finding accurately identified images of animals and plants can be challenging, but this site can help you. Visit the "Resources for Animal and Plant Images" page to find image galleries and photo collections from government and academic sources.

Species of Greatest Conservation Need
This site provides interactive species information for southeastern U.S. species in greatest conservation need. These species, including amphibians, birds, fishes, mammals, reptiles, plants, and fungi, were identified by southeastern U.S. state wildlife agencies as species of Greatest Conservation Need (GCN) in the state Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategies (CWCS), also called State Wildlife Action Plans (SWAP). The interactive, searchable species information combines resources from multiple sources including NatureServe and ITIS.

The NBII Program is administered by the Biological Informatics Program of the U.S. Geological Survey
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