In the 2012 President's Budget Request, the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) is terminated. As a result, all resources, databases, tools, and applications within this web site will be removed on January 15, 2012. For more information, please refer to the NBII Program Termination page.
Bird Conservation Regions and political boundaries [Image: BBA Species Maps, USGS]
Planning for bird conservation and management occurs at various geographic scales. Planning units may be ecoregionally- or politically-based, or a combination of these. The following are some of the most widely used planning units for bird conservation in the United States:
Snow Geese (Chen caerulescens), Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge [Photograph: John Mosesso, NBII LIFE]
Where and at what level does bird conservation occur?
Birds are conserved at various geographic scales ranging from local, state, regional, national and continental levels. On-the-ground implementation of conservation actions often occurs at local levels, but conservation planning, policy, and program administration, in particular for migratory birds, often occur at broader scales. The ultimate goal of these activities is to conserve bird populations by conserving the habitats and ecosystems on which they depend.
[Screenshot: Protected Areas Database of the United States]
Some sites are considered critical for the long-term viability of certain bird populations and their habitats. Public lands and private conservation lands provide a network of protected areas often targeted for conservation. To view a list of protected areas in the United States, go to the Protected Areas Database of the United States Viewer.
Examples of programs that identify, recognize, or manage important ecosystems or bird habitats include: