State Wildlife Action Plans

Painted Bunting
Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris)
[Photograph: South Carolina DNR]

State wildlife action plans are documents that outline each state's priorities, challenges and actions needed to conserve its wildlife and natural communities. These plans - known technically as "comprehensive wildlife conservation strategies" - include birds and other species, and they group priorities based on threats and actions.

The Process of Bird Conservation

Bird conservation - the preservation, protection or management of birds and their habitats - is a process aimed at ensuring the persistence of bird populations and the habitats on which they depend. This process includes identifying the reasons for conserving birds, identifying and prioritizing what birds and habitats to conserve, identifying stakeholders that will need to be involved in the conservation process, planning how bird populations and habitats will be conserved, implementing on-the-ground conservation actions, and evaluating the success of those actions. The process of bird conservation can be summed up with the following five questions, which describe the main elements comprising the conservation process:

prescribed fire photo - Jay Boykin

How do we conserve birds?
Take a look into bird conservation planning, restoration, and habitat management.
Bird Conservation Regions

Where do we conserve birds?
Learn about different scales where bird conservation occurs, including identification of areas for conserving biodiversity, key species, or habitat types.

Northern Pintails - Dave Herr - US Forest Service Library

Which birds do we conserve?
Learn about status and prioritization of birds, including the tools, methods and techniques used to assess population status and to set bird priorities for conservation.

Waterfowl Surveys Biologists and Pilots - FWS Image Library - Todd Harless

Who conserves birds?
Take a look at organizations and partnerships working to conserve birds.

Birdwatcher and Snow Geese - John and Karen Hollingsworth - FWS Image Library

Why conserve birds?
Learn about the importance of birds and the reasons to conserve them.

Outline of Bird Conservation Process

Nest Box
Artificial Bird Habitat: Nest Box
[Photograph: Carrie Sekerak, USDA Find-A-Photo]

The bird conservation process involves a series of steps aimed at conserving birds and their habitats. What is to be conserved may range from a single bird population to an entire ecosystem. The following steps provide an example of how the bird conservation process may proceed:

1. Identify what we want to conserve

2. Prioritize what is to be conserved

3. Develop conservation plan

4. Implement conservation actions:
a. Law & policy
b. Management & restoration

5. Evaluate success of conservation actions

The NBII Program is administered by the Biological Informatics Program of the U.S. Geological Survey
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