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Laws and Regulations

Use our Laws and Regulations Custom Search Engine to search for invasive species information included in this section of NISIC's site:

Note: Information provided is for educational purposes. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to. Please check official sources for legal and regulatory information.

Update -- NAPPRA (Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis) -- Addition of Plants for Planting to the NAPPRA Lists
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
The Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis list (APHIS-2011-0072) of plants and flowers has been published by USDA for public comment. The NAPPRA list are those plants which could be prohibited for import into the U.S. until a pest risk analysis has been completed for them. APHIS has prepared data sheets that detail the scientific evidence it evaluated in making the determination that the taxa are quarantine pests or hosts of quarantine pests. The data sheets are available to the public for review and comment.
Note: Comment period reopened; all comments received on or before Nov 25, 2011 will be considered.
USDA Establishes a New Category in Regulations Governing Nursery Stock Importation; Plants for Planting Not Authorized for Importation Pending Pest Risk Analysis
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Prevention is the key to keeping invasive plants out of our country! APHIS is establishing a new category of regulated articles in the regulations governing the importation of plants for planting, commonly known as the Q37 regulations (APHIS-2006-0011). The revision would allow APHIS to maximize protection of U.S. agriculture from foreign pests that could enter this country while minimizing adverse economic and trade impacts. See a recent presentation about the Revision of Quarantine 37 (PDF | 277 KB) for more information.
This action became effective Jun 27, 2011.

Large Constrictor Snakes
DOI. FWS. South Florida Ecological Services Field Office.
DOI is working with many partners, including the State of Florida, to address the significant challenges posed by the invasive Burmese python and other species of large constrictor snakes in south Florida. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to list nine species of large constrictor snakes as injurious wildlife. Injurious wildlife are mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, crustaceans, mollusks and their offspring or gametes that are injurious to the interests of human beings, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, wildlife or wildlife resources of the U.S. The public comment period closed Aug 2010. All comments and related documents are available at Regulations.gov under Docket No. FWS-R9-FHC-2008-0015. The Service will make a final determination on the proposed listing after further review of the scientific data and the information contained in comments submitted by the public. Roughly 50,000 comments were received. Due to the volume of comments received, it will take some time to analyze comments and organize the data.

APHIS' Quarantine 56 Revision Factsheet (Oct 2008; PDF | 47KB) and Questions and Answers on the Quarantine 56 Revision (Oct 2008; PDF | 45 KB)
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Effective Aug 16, 2007, APHIS implemented revised regulations pertaining to the importation of fruits and vegetables. Collectively, these regulations are commonly referred to as Quarantine 56 or the Q56 regulations. Overall, the Q56 revisions, which are now in effect, simplify and expedite APHIS' process for approving new imports and pest-free areas while continuing to allow for public participation in agency decisionmaking. For additional information, see Quarantine Q56 Regulations.
Lacey Act
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
The 2008 Farm Bill (the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (PDF | 1.4 MB), effective May 22, 2008, ammended the Lacy Act. The amended Act now covers a broad range of plants and plant products, including timber deriving from illegally harvested plants. Import declarations requirements become effective Dec 15, 2008; declaration enforcements of the requirements will be phased-in and will begin Apr 1, 2009. Based on comments received on the initial implementation plan, further internal consideration and experience with the first phase of enforcement, APHIS has revised the implementation schedule for the remaining phases.  The revised schedule covers implementation through Aug 31, 2010. See Hot Issues: Lacey Act for more information.
Giant HogweedFederal Noxious Weed List (effective Dec 10, 2010; PDF | 227 KB) / Changes to the Federal Noxious Weed List - New Species Added (PDF | 154 KB)
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
Federal Weed List (7 CFR 360): The following plants, seeds, or other parts capable of propagation are within the definition of a "noxious weed" under the Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974 (7 USC 2802(c). Listed noxious weeds may be moved into or through the U.S. only under permit from the USDA Plant Protection and Quarantine programs, and under conditions that would not involve a danger of disseminating the weeds. From Regulations.gov, see Noxious Weed Regulations 2007-0146-0015 for more information on the recent update.
Fire AntRegulated Pest List
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

Northern Snakehead Injurious Wildlife and Injurious Wildlife: A Summary of the Injurious Provisions of the Lacey Act (Jun 2010; PDF | 688 KB)
DOI. FWS. Division of Environmental Quality.

Zebra musselNonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990 (Dec 29, 2000; PDF | 259 KB)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Federal Laws and Regulations

Covers congressional bills, executive orders, congressional hearings and testimonies, and other Federal legislative information.

State Laws and Regulations

Lists laws and regulations relating to invasive species for each state, as well as links to other sites with state legal information.

International Laws and Regulations

Describes international guidelines, agreements, treaties, and legal organizations on the global and regional level.

Declarations and Reports

Contains links to official declarations from organizations regarding invasive species, as well as related reports.

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Last Modified: Jan 05, 2012
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