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Protection of Sacred Sites

This is a compendium of Federal Memoranda, Policies, Executive Orders, Guidance, and Statutes addressing or related to the protection of Native American sacred places and cultural properties. This list was prepared to help Federal Agencies identify tools to protect Native American sacred places and cultural properties, and identify opportunities for agencies to coordinate their efforts. The following list of documents was prepared through an Internet search that was conducted on the various Federal Agencies Internet Web sites.

It is likely that this list does not contain all of the Federal documents relevant to the protection of sacred places and cultural properties. This compendium was prepared by the American Indian and Alaskan Native Task Force of the Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice in preparation for an interagency informational meeting on Native American sacred places and cultural properties, held on August 14, 2002 in Washington, DC.

Presidential Memoranda and Policies

 -   Government to Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments
 -   Reaffirming the Government to Government Relationship Between the Federal Government and Tribal Governments
 -   American Indian Policy (1983)
 -   Special Message on Indian Affairs (1970)

Presidential Executive Orders

 -   Executive Order 13084 - Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments
 -   Executive Order 13175 - Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments

Federal Agency Policies and Guidance

U.S. Department of Agriculture

 -   Guide to USDA Programs for American Indians and Alaska Natives

US Department of Energy (DOE)

 -   American Indian & Alaska Native Tribal Government Policy
 -   US Department of Energy American Indian Policy

US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)

 -   Working Group Report on Consultation with American Indians and Alaska Native

US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

 -   Tribal Government to Government Consultation Policy

US Department of Interior (DOI)

 -   2001 National Park Service Management Policies- Chapter 5: Culture Resource Management
 -   General Procedural Guidance for Native American Consultation
 -   US Geological Survey Manual 500.6 - American Indian and Alaska Native Sacred Sites And 500.4 - Policy on Employee Responsibility Towards American Indians and Alaska Natives

US Environmental Protection Agency

 -   US EPA Resource Guide Working Effectively with Tribal Governments
 -   EPA Policy for the Administration of Environmental Programs on Indian Reservations
 -   Guide on Consultation and Collaboration with Indian Tribal Governments and the Public Participation of Indigenous Groups and Tribal Members in Environmental Decision Making

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP)

 -   The Relationship Between Executive Order 13007 Regarding Indian Sacred Sites and Section 106
 -   Consulting with Indian Tribes in the Section 106 Review Process
 -   Native Hawaiian Organizations and the Section 106 Review Process
 -   Policy Statement Regarding the ACHP's Relationship with Indian Tribes

Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ)

 -   Environmental Justice, Guidance Under the National Environmental Policy Act

Interagency Memoranda

 -   Memorandum of Understanding Among the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Environmental Protection Agency, Housing and Urban Development and Indian Health Service (1991)


 -   Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
 -   Archaeological Resource Protection Act of 1979
 -   The American Indian Religious Freedom Act
 -   Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976
 -   The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
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