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Agency for Healthcare Research Quality

Health Technology Assessment

Evidence-based Practice Technical Reviews
Technology Assessments

Research Findings

Research Activities, October 2012:
Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation improves COPD patient outcomes
Insulin pump and glucose monitoring improve blood-sugar control for patients with type 1 diabetes

Research Activities, June 2012:
Infrequent physician use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators presents potential risks to patient safety
Remote intensive care monitoring is cost effective for sickest patients
Effectiveness of noninvasive diagnostic tests for breast abnormalities depends on woman's history

Research Activities, April 2012:
Accuracy of ultrasound for ectopic pregnancy in the emergency department is not helped by measuring a key pregnancy hormone
Elders and families find it difficult to interpret data from passive sensors that help monitor elderly activity

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Research Activities, November 2011:
Primary care model helps treat underserved patients with hepatitis C virus infection

Research Activities, August 2011:
AHRQ's clinical care tools help clinicians ensure better and safer care

Research Activities, July 2011:
Pelvic ultrasound imaging by emergency physicians is highly effective in ruling out ectopic pregnancy
Connecting local providers to academic medical centers using video improved hepatitis C outcomes

Research Activities, June 2011:
An automated phone response system can help track adverse drug events in primary care patients

Research Activities, May 2011:
Social media use is one of many innovations in care delivery transforming the frontlines of care
Systems to detect adverse drug events need buy-in from leaders and staff to become part of hospital routine

Research Activities, February 2011:
Simulation training improves insertion of central venous catheters
Contrast-enhanced CT scans do not increase the risk of kidney failure in patients with acute stroke

Research Activities, January 2011:
Acceptance of "smart" intravenous infusion pumps is growing among nurses, but challenges remain

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Research Activities, September 2010:
Geographic information system reveals primary care needs of Hispanics

Research Activities, August 2010:
Remote supervision of stroke therapy is safe and effective at smaller hospitals
Surgical simulation training improves speed and confidence in residents learning endoscopic sinus surgery

Research Activities, March 2010:
Simulation training in the operating room improves competency for the entire operating room team

Research Activities, February 2010:
Blacks express more concerns about telemedicine than Hispanics
Computerized tomography angiography may help determine appropriate treatment for stroke patients
Use of bedside ultrasound by hospital emergency departments is not yet common practice in California

Research Activities, January 2010:
Primary care physicians like e-prescribing systems, but make little use of their advanced features

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Research Activities, December 2009:
Telemedicine reduces children's emergency department visits for nonemergency problems
Laptop test in an emergency department can help detect subtle cognitive deficits following concussions

Research Activities, November 2009:
Input from clinical staff helps when evaluating the purchase of equipment
Particle beam radiation therapy is promising, but unproven for treating cancer

Research Activities, October 2009:
Numeric tool helps women determine their birthing preferences after cesareans

Research Activities, September 2009:
Hyperdense basilar artery on unenhanced CT scan predicts a clot in the artery and poorer outcome among stroke patients
Targeted energy treatment helps correct irregular heartbeat in the short term, but long-term effects are unknown

Research Activities, July 2009:
Electronic medication administration records improve communication and decisionmaking in nursing homes

Research Activities, January 2009:
Emergency medicine consensus conference examines the role of health care simulation in developing clinical expertise
X-ray of patients undergoing emergency surgery is cost-effective in preventing retained surgical sponges

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