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  Wright Brothers first flightHistory      

There is an old saying that geography is the eldest daughter of history. Implicit in this expression is the importance of studying how place affects the events that shape our world. Together, history and geography describe time and place. To understand the events and conditions in the past, it is important to consider the context of when and where. Maps can set this graphic context and provide keys to understanding major historic events and more subtle changes over time.

Gen. Washington resigning his commission to Congress December 23, 1783Plane table crew in Prince William Sound, circa 1910.This chapter of the National Atlas of the United States® should be viewed as an aid to students of American history. Although it is not a history of our country from a geographic viewpoint,it does offer a map-based framework for understanding and appreciating the effects and influence of geography yesterday and today. The atlas is a direct result and descendant of our national efforts to explore and map America's forests, plains, waterways, and mountains. Here you can appreciate the natural conditions that fostered or thwarted settlement. You can see how the availability (or lack) of navigable rivers, timber, game, mineral resources, and arable land determined expansion and growth.

Legend from map exhibiting new discoveries in the interior parts of North America, 1795.

The ever-changing story of Americans, including their ancestry, their schooling, their relative wealth, and their mobility, is revealed by maps based on two centuries of census counts. Natural cataclysmic events that alter the landscape with sudden and terrible ferocity, like the Galveston hurricane of 1900 and the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980, are here. Longer term natural phenomena such as drought or glaciation, which affected America's earliest inhabitants, can be expressed effectively with maps. Human political developments, including exploration, territorial expansion, and elections results also greatly affect our ongoing history, and the National Atlas will offer an expanding selection of maps on these topics.

Striking portrait of a 32 year old California migrant pea picker during the Dust Bowl.Poster portraying the Years of Dust

We use the latest of today's technologies to present information from the past. In 1932, John Kirtland Wright noted that "the ideal historical atlas might well be a collection of motion picture maps, if these could be displayed on the pages of a book without the paraphernalia of projector, reel, and screen."

Using the National Atlas with today's paraphernalia of computer, monitor, and Internet, you can realize Wright's vision of "motion picture maps." Here you will find animations of change over time, including the spread of invasive species or the change of seasons observed by satellites in space. Our use of dynamic maps to illustrate how history records movement and change continues to expand and improve. Like our restless Nation, the tools we use to map it here in the National Atlas will change to meet your needs and interests.

Images portraying history of the first man on moon.

Map Maker Samples
Electoral Vote - 2008 Presidential Election Results
Popular Vote - 2008 Presidential Election Results
Map Layers
Presidential General Election, State Results, 2008
Presidential General Election, County Results, 2008
Printable Maps
Presidential Elections 1789 - 2008
Wall Maps
Presidential Elections 1789 - 2008
2000 U.S. Population Centered in Missouri
The Civil War at a Glance