Monitoring the Future is an ongoing study of the behaviors, attitudes,
and values of American secondary school students, college students, and young adults.
Each year, a total of approximately 50,000 8th, 10th and 12th grade students are
surveyed (12th graders since 1975, and 8th and 10th graders since 1991). In addition,
annual follow-up questionnaires are mailed to a sample of each graduating class
for a number of years after their initial participation. The Monitoring the Future Study
has been funded under a series of investigator-initiated competing research grants from the
National Institute on Drug Abuse, a part of the
National Institutes of Health. MTF is conducted at the
Survey Research Center in the
Institute for Social Research at the
University of Michigan.
For additional information regarding the Monitoring the Future study, please e-mail
Comments by the Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse
In this video,
NIDA Director Dr. Nora Volkow discusses the most recent findings from the Monitoring the Future survey.
2011 HIV/AIDS: Risk & Protective Behaviors among American Young Adults, 2004-2011 is now available. This report focuses on a range of behaviors of
young adult high school graduates ages 21–30 in the general population related to the spread of the HIV virus responsible for the acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). For the first time, data on 35- and 40-year-old respondents is included. The full text
of this volume is available.
National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011, Volume II
is now available. Volume II provides data and trends on college students and adults ages 19-50.
New 2012 Press Release
"American teens are less likely than European teens to use cigarettes and alcohol, but more likely to use illicit drugs."
National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011, Volume I
is now available. Volume I provides data and trends on 8th, 10th, and 12th graders.
Overview of Key Findings, 2011
(PDF, 1,683K) is now available. This volume presents an overview of the key findings
from the 2011 survey of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students.
New 2011 Press Release
"Marijuana use continues to rise among U.S. teens, while alcohol use hits historic lows."
Text and associated tables and figures are available.
Monitoring the Future: Questionnaire
Responses From the Nation's High School Seniors. Monitoring the Future
12th-grade descriptive results for nearly 2,000 items are now available
in annual volumes for 1975 through 2010. Comparison between volumes allows readers
to understand the changes in viewpoints, attitudes, and experiences of young people
over the past 36 years. Questions include drug use and views about drugs, delinquency
and victimization, changing roles for women, confidence in social institutions,
concerns about energy and ecology, and social and ethical attitudes.
The Education-Drug Use Connection
is now available. This book focuses on the fact that adolescents who do well in school are less
likely to smoke, drink, or do drugs. It addresses the question: Which comes first -- drug use or
school failure? See a description of the book or
the related press release.
The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD)
completed its fifth data collection in 2011 in a collaborative effort in nearly 40 European countries. Modeled largely after
Monitoring the Future, this series of surveys reports national survey results on 15- and 16-year olds and MTF data from 10th-graders are included.
The goal is to compare and track substance use among countries. A report
of the study's 2011 results is available. Visit the ESPAD website for
information on securing the full report. Comparisons with results in the U.S. are in a short
press release from MTF.
Copyright 2012 © The Regents of the University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA. Updated: 15 October 2012.