What does FDA regulate?
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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

About FDA

FDA Basics: What does FDA regulate?

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FDA regulates:


  • safety of all food products
    (except for most meat and poultry products, which are regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture)
  • labeling
  • bottled water
  • food additives
  • infant formulas

Dietary Supplements

Human Drugs

  • product approvals
  • OTC and prescription drug labeling
  • drug manufacturing standards

Vaccines, Blood Products, and Other Biologics

  • product and manufacturing establishment licensing
  • safety of the nation's blood supply
  • research to establish product standards and develop improved testing methods

Medical Devices

  • from simple items like tongue depressors, to complex technologies such as heart pacemakers
  • premarket approval of new devices
  • manufacturing and performance standards
  • tracking reports of device malfunctioning and serious adverse reactions

Electronic Products

  • products that give off radiation, such as microwave ovens and X-ray equipment
  • radiation safety performance standards for microwave ovens, television receivers, diagnostic
  • x-ray equipment, cabinet x-ray systems (such as baggage x-rays at airports), laser products,
  • ultrasonic therapy equipment, mercury vapor lamps, and sunlamps
  • accrediting and inspecting mammography facilities


  • safety
  • labeling

Veterinary Products

  • livestock feeds
  • pet foods
  • veterinary drugs and devices
  • veterinary biologics not regulated by USDA are considered new animal drugs

Tobacco Products

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