The Field Schools for Cultural Documentation
What are the field schools?
Every year, the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress
sponsors at least one intensive, introductory field school on cultural
documentation in partnership with an educational institution. Held
in various parts of the United States, the field school provides
hands-on training in ethnographic documentary techniques needed
for effective fieldwork concerning folklore and related fields.
The field school is typically three weeks in duration, is held over
the summer months, and covers a variety of topics that provide participants
with a basic introduction to cultural documentation in the field.
Topics covered include: research ethics, project planning, interviewing,
documentary photography, sound recording, writing fieldnotes, archiving,
and delivering public presentations on research findings.
During the 1994 American Folklife Center's field school in San
Luis, Colorado, Laura Hunt (left) and Beverly Morris (right)
interview Corpus Gallegos on the vega, a cattle grazing
area held in common by the community.
Photo: Miguel Gandert.
The first half of the course is devoted to classroom lectures on
a variety of topics and workshops about documentation equipment
and related techniques. The second half of the course is devoted
to the application of documentation methods through team-based fieldwork.
At the end of the course, research teams make public presentations
on their research findings and submit their fully organized documentary
materials (photographs, audiotapes, fieldnotes, tape and photo logs,
etc.) for archival deposit.
Fieldwork research themes explored in previous field schools include:
the history, cultural meanings, and uses of Provo
the history and traditions of family-run orchards in the Utah
Valley (in and around Provo); maritime culture in transition
in Crisfield, Maryland; water
use and water rights in an agricultural community in southern Colorado; the social,
economic and aesthetic dynamics of farmers markets in Colorado
Springs, Colorado; the intersection of nature and culture along
the Kokosing River, in Knox County, Ohio;
the history, uses, and cultural meaning of Bloomington, Indiana's town square;
and culture and disability in Bloomington.
"In my first few months of graduate school, I have already drawn
extensively on my field school experience. I frequently refer
to things I learned both in the classroom and in the field as
I contribute to seminar discussions, and I've used the training
in documentation to pursue my own research for term papers and
ongoing projects." -- Lisa Powell, Field School participant,
"I think fieldwork is stupendous. The greatest
advantage of the field school was that it allowed me to systematically
experience the entire process of a fieldwork project, from planning
to presenting, with handy instructions and on-going feedback from
the staff throughout ..." -- Kyun Yun, Field School participant,
Team members Delia Alexander (left) and Tamara Hemmerlein examine
recently-processed slides from their field research during
the American Folklife Center’s June 2000 field school
in Bloomington, Indiana.
Photo: David A. Taylor.
Who are they for? Who does the teaching?
Typically, fifteen participants are selected for each course.
Most have little experience or previous training in cultural documentation,
but do have a strong desire to obtain this training and a good
potential to apply it in their future work. Past participants
have included graduate and undergraduate students in folklore
and related fields, school teachers, librarians, museum curators,
arts and humanities council staff members, cultural activists,
and oral historians.
Field school instructors usually include professional folklorists,
archivists, documentary photographers, and local community scholars;
members of the American Folklife Center's staff always serve on
When and where is the next field school?
Marilyn Bañuelos (right) photographs Connie Romero as
she interviews rancher Corpus Gallegos on the vega, during
the 1994 American Folklife Center's field school.
Photo: James Hardin.
From July 9 to July 27, 2012, George Mason University, VA, will co-sponsor the annual field school for cultural documentation in Arlington, Virginia. The fieldwork conducted during the course will examine the culture and traditions of the Columbia Pike in Arlington County, Virginia. Locally known as Arlington’s "International Mainstreet," the Pike is home to one of the nation’s most diverse communities. [Application form & further information][PDF/206kb]
What do participants say about
"As an independent consultant ... and not a salaried folklorist,
it legitimized my independent work and fueled a new pride in my
goals, reinforcing the idea that there is great value in recording
and interpreting, through a personal perspective, the human experience
-- Colette Lemmon, Field School participant,
"We received an apprenticeship along with our ethnographer's
toolkit from the field school at Kenyon. In the field, we quickly
put the tools you provided us to work. Our accelerated experience
will make the project planning and implementation I do in the
future seem like second nature."
-- Chris Grasso, Field school participant,
Selena Lim, Gloria Paterson, and
(left to right), practice setting up and operating field documentation
equipment during a workshop on
audio-recording techniques at the 2002 AFC
field school in Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio.
Photo: David A. Taylor.
At the American Folklife Center's June
2000 field school
in Bloomington, Indiana, team members Chris
Tobar-Dupres (right) and Ronald J. Stephens (center) interview
Claude Rice about Bloomington's
Photo: David A. Taylor.
"I see the field school model you have developed for documenting
local culture as a foundation for how we might train and ultimately
mobilize people around the state to more actively document their
communities. At a minimum, I want to investigate how to incorporate
this model into educators' professional development..."
-- Trina Nelson Thomas, Field School participant,
"Archivists, special collections librarians,
and others with ethnographic collections would find it valuable
to see the process of fieldwork through from start to finish...It
makes for quality reference work when the librarian or archivist
knows how the collection is created and organized ..."
-- Laura Hunt, Field School