Sir Francis Drake: A Pictorial Biography by Hans P. Kraus
The following is a selective list of biographies, chronicles,
documentary collections, articles and bibliographical guides descriptive
of the career and background of Sir Francis Drake, or relevant
to the records of his voyages. It includes all works mentioned
in the historical introduction by David W. Waters and Richard Boulind,
or cited in the references to it; and it sets out those works which
have been found most useful and reliable in compiling the pictorial
biography of Drake and in assessing pieces in the H. P. Kraus Collection
of material relating to Sir Francis Drake, as described in "The
Catalogue of the Collection" (pp. 181-222). Some of the contemporary
works entered in this bibliography are themselves items in the
H. P. Kraus Collection; where this is the case, the figures in
square brackets following the entry refer to the item's number
in the Catalogue, where a full description will be found.
In this bibliography annotation has been avoided wherever possible.
Remarks have been limited to those considered essential to keep
an informed reader from error or waste of time; for instance, the
authors of the main original accounts of Drake's voyages are entered
individually, and the reader is referred to the publication of
the account. Although editions published by academic libraries
and learned societies are noted as such throughout, a continuous
attempt has been made to assign all entries either to an author
or to an editor: to the author in the case of nearly all works
published or prepared for publication, at whatever date; to the
editor in the case of entries for works consisting of drafts, printed
correspondence or miscellaneous writings. The form of abbreviation
used in the short citations of references in the historical introduction
is appended to this bibliographical entry where there seemed to
be any possibility of confusion.
Much further progress with the study of Drake, his contemporaries
and his background could be made by using the various works of
reference and the standard authorities set out in this list. Many
of them contain critical notes on the literature of the subject.
The standard bibliographies upon the history of the period and
its principal personalities are, for Spain and Spanish America:
B. Sánchez Alonso, Fuentes de la historia española
e hispano-americana , revised edition (3 vols., Madrid, 1952);
and for England: the similarly revised edition of Conyers Read
listed below. The latter includes a list of works on Drake among
its sections relating to individual seamen. Contemporary works
on geography and exploration are listed and dated by E. G. R. Taylor
in her Tudor geography , pp. 162-90 and in her sequel
to it, Late Tudor and early Stuart geography, 1583-1650 (London,
1934), pp. 177-298. Works on navigation, cosmography and pilotage
in the corresponding period are listed and analyzed, with full
bibliographical citations, by David W. Waters in the notes and
bibliography of his Art of Navigation (listed below).
The general reference guide to works on contemporary military history
and theory is Maurice J. D. Cockle: A Bibliography of Military
Books up to 1642 (London, 1900; reprinted 1957), while those
relevant to Sir Francis Drake's training and experience have received
an extensive critical listing in the bibliography of English military
books of the period added by David W. Waters to his edition of
Thomas Greepe's The true and perfecte newes...of Syr Frauncis
Drake (listed below).
In one volume it is impossible to cover every single aspect of
a career as far-ranging and illustrious as Sir Francis Drake's.
References to material on particular aspects of Drake's life and
deeds not intensively studied here may be found in the standard
works, especially two: Sir Julian Corbett's Drake and the
Tudor navy (1898), and Henry R. Wagner's Sir Francis
Drake's voyage around the world (1926). The definitive impress
that they left upon Drake studies, and the significance of fresh
contributions since they wrote have been summed up by W. J. Harte
in "Some recent views
of Drake's voyage around the world," in: History ,
XX (1936), pp. 348-53. Dr. James A. Williamson in 1928 contributed
a valuable critical discussion of the literature on Drake: "Books
on Drake," in: History , XII, pp. 310-21, while there
is an enlightening bibliography of 100 books on Sir Francis Drake
by Eleanor Bancroft in the California Historical Society's special
publications nos. 13 and 25 (1937 and 1953).
- Amherst of Hackney, Lord, and Basil Thomson (eds.), The
Discovery of the Solomon Islands by Alvaro de Mendaña
in 1568 (Hakluyt Society Sec Series, nos. 1 & 2,
2. vols., London, 1901).
- [Anderson, George William], "A New, Authentic and complete
Account of a Voyage round the World, undertaken and performed
by Sir Francis Drake in the 'Pelican'," in his edition of Captain
Cook's Voyages ... (London, Alexander Hogg, 1784).
- Andrews, Kenneth R., Drake's voyages: their contribution
to English maritime expansion in the reign of Elizabeth (London,
- Andrews, Kenneth R., Elizabethan privateering (Cambridge,
- Angulo Iñíguez, Diego, Bautista Antonelli:
las fortificaciones americanas en el siglo XVI (Madrid,
- "Anonymous Narrative" [of the circumnavigation of the globe,
MS. by companions of Drake, c. 1589?], British Museum Harleian
MS. 280, printed by W. S. W. Vaux ( see below ), pp.
- Anthiaume, A., Cartes marines, constructions navales, voyages
de découverte chez les normands, 1500-1650 (2
vols., Paris, 1916).
- Arber, Edward (ed.), The first three English books on America
[?1511]-1555 A.D., being chiefly Translations, Compilations &c.,
by Richard Eden, from the writings, maps, &c. of Pietro
Martire of Anghiera ... Sebastian Münster . . . [and] Sebastian
Cabot . .. [etc.] ... (Birmingham, 1885).
- Averdunk, H., and J. Müller-Reinhard, Gerhard Mercator
und die Geographen unter seinen Nachkommen (Gotha, 1914).
- Aydelotte, Frank, "Elizabethan seamen in Mexico and ports of
the Spanish Main," in: American Historical Review ,
XLVIII (1942), pp. 1-19.
- Bacon, Francis, viscount St. Albans: Works ..., edited
by James Spedding, R. L. Ellis and D. D. Heath (14 vols., London,
1857-74). [The last seven volumes of this set are an extended
biography of Bacon, under the title Letters and Life ,
but this prints in extenso many of his polemical and
incidental works. The first seven volumes of Works ...
also appeared in Boston, 15 vols., 1867-73.]
- Baltimore Museum of Art--Walters Gallery, The World Encompassed:
an Exhibition of the History of Maps held at the Baltimore
Museum of Art... 1952 [catalogue of the exhibition] (Baltimore,
- Bancroft, Eleanor: see California Historical Society.
- Barbour, Violet, "Privateers and pirates of the West Indies," in: American
Historical Review , XVI (1911), pp. 529-66.
- Barrow, John, The life, voyages and exploits of Admiral
Sir Francis Drake, with numerous original letters (2nd
edition, London, 1844).
- Biggar, H. P., "An English expedition to North America in 1527," in: Mélanges
d'histoire offerts à M. Charles Bémont (Paris,
- Bigges, Walter, and Croftes, A Summarie and True Discourse
of Sir Frances Drakes West Indian Voyage (London, Richard
Field [or Roger Ward], 1589; S.T.C. 3056 and 3057). [There
were previous editions in Latin and French and a contemporary
one in German. One issue of this account is with maps by Baptista
Boazio, one without them.]   
- Bindoff, S. T., J. Hurstfield and C. H. Williams (eds.), Elizabethan
government and society: essays presented to Sir John Neale (London,
- Birch, Thomas, Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth
from the Year 1581 till her Death ... In which the secret intrigues
of her court, and the conduct of. . . Robert, Earl of Essex..
are particularly illustrated. From the original papers A. Bacon,
Esquire, and other manuscripts (2 vols., London, 1751).
- --, see also under Ralegh, Sir Walter.
- Black, J. B., "Queen Elizabeth, the Sea Beggars and the capture
of Brill," in: English Historical Review , XLVI (1931),
- --, see also under Oxford History of England.
- Blanco, Tomás, Prontuario histórico de Puerto
Rico (2nd edition, San Juan de Puerto Rico, 1943).
- Bolgar, R. R., The classical heritage and its beneficiaries (Cambridge,
- B[orough], W[illiam], A discours of the variation of the
Cumpas [published in a volume combined with R[obert]
N[orman], The New Attractive , which also mentions
Drake] (London, 1581; S.T.C. 3389).
- Boulind, R. H., "Drake's navigational skills," in: Mariner's
Mirror , LIV (1968).
- Bourne, Nicholas, publisher: see under Drake, Sir
Francis, and Drake, Sir Francis (1st baronet).
- Boxer, C. R., The Golden Age of Brazil, 1695-1750 (Berkeley,
- Bradford, Ernle, The Wind Commands Me: a Life of Sir Francis
Drake (New York, 1965).
- Braudel, Fernand, La Méditerranée à l'époque
de Philippe II (Paris, 1949).
- Breton, Nicholas, A Discourse in commendation of ... Maister
Francis Drake (London, 1581; not in S.T.C. ).
- British Museum, Catalogue of the Printed Maps, Charts and
Plans in the British Museum (2 vols., London, 1885).
- --, General Catalogue of the Printed Books (245 vols.,
- --, Sir Francis Drake's voyage round the world: two contemporary
maps [ i.e. , the 'French Drake map' by van
Sype and Hondius' 'Broadside' map, with notes by F. B. Sprent]
(London, revised ed., 1931).
- Bromley, J. S., and E. H. Kossmann (eds.), Britain and
the Netherlands (Groningen, 1964).
- Brown, Huntington: see under Hall, Joseph.
- Brown, John Carter (Library), see under John Carter
- Bruce, John (ed.), Annals of the first four years of the
reign of Queen Elizabeth , by Sir John Hayward (Camden
Society, London, 1840).
- Burney, James, A Chronological History of the Discoveries
in the South Sea, or Pacific Ocean (5 vols., London,
- Calderón Quijano, José Antonio, Historia
de las fortificaciones en Nueva España (Seville,
- Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, of the Reigns
of Edward VI, Mary, Elizabeth and James I , edited by
R. Lemon and Mrs. Everett Green (12 vols., London, 1856-72).
- --, Foreign Series, of the Reign of Elizabeth , edited
by J. Stevenson, A.J. Crosby, A.J. Butler, Mrs. S. C. Lomas,
A. B. Hinds and R. B. Wernham (vols. 1-24, covering 1558 to 1589,
- -- and Manuscripts relating to English affairs existing
in the archives and collections of Venice and in other libraries
of northern Italy , edited by Rawdon Brown, G. Cavendish
Bentinck, Horatio F. Brown, etc. (38 vols., London, 1864-1940).
[Abbreviated to CSP, Venetian ]
- -- in the Spanish Archives at Simancas and elsewhere (1558-1603),
edited by M. A. S. Hume (4 vols., London, 1892-9). [Abbreviated
to CSP, Spanish ]
- California Historical Society, Drake's plate of brass:
evidence of his visit to California in 1579 , by Herbert
E. Bolton, Douglas S. Watson and Eleanor Bancroft (special
publication no. 13, San Francisco, 1937). [Includes a bibliography
of books on Drake]
- --, Drake's plate of brass authenticated: the report on
the plate of brass , by Colin G. Fink, E. P. Polushkin, et
al. (special publication no. 14, San Francisco, 1938)
- --, The Plate of Brass: evidence of the visit of Francis
Drake to California in the year 1579 (special publication
no. 25, San Francisco, 1953). [A new edition combining the
Society's nos. 13 and 14, with additions]
- Callender, Sir Geoffrey, "Drake and his detractors," in: Mariner's
Mirror , VII (1921), pp. 66-74, 98-105 and 142-52.
- --, "Fresh light on Drake," in: Mariner's Mirror ,
IX (1923), pp. 16-28. [An examination of the historical value
of Juan de Castellanos' Discurso del Capitán Draque ,
of which it prints extracts in translation]
- Camden, William, The Historie of the most Renowned and
Victorious Princess Elizabeth, Late Queene of England... composed
by way of Annals , translated [from the original Latin]
by Robert Norton (Benjamin Fisher, London, 1630; S.T.C. 4500).
- Castellanos, Juan de, Discurso del Capitán Draque ...,
edited by Angel González Palencia (Instituto de Valencia
de Don Juan, Madrid, 1921). [The four cantos removed by order
of the censor, Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, from the continuation
of the Elegías de Varones Ilustres de Indias ,
of which the first part had appeared in 1589. Consequently this
section on Drake did not appear, either, with the remainder of
the Elegías when they were published in 1851]
- Cates, Thomas, responsible for publication of the narrative
of Drake's voyage of 1585-6 by Walter Bigges, continued by Lieutenant
Croftes: see under Bigges .
- Ceán-Bermudez, J. A. and Eugenio de Llaguno y Amírola, Noticias
de los arquitectos y arquitectura de España desde su
restauración . . . (4 vols., Madrid, 1829). [Contains
biographical notes and much of the professional correspondence
of the military engineers who constructed the fortifications
on the coasts of Spanish America]
- (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Philip II, King of Spain), Instructions
de l'Empereur Charles V à Philippe II Roi d'Espagne et de Philippe
II au Prince Philippe son fils .. . (Berlin, 1699).
- Chaunu, Huguette and Pierre, Séville et l'Atlantique,
(1504-1650) (11 vols., Paris, 1955-9).
- Cheyney, Edward Potts, A History of England from the defeat
of the Armada to the death of Queen Elizabeth (2 vols.,
- --, "International law under Elizabeth," in: English Historical
Review , XX (1905), pp. 659-672.
- Christy, Miller, The Silver Map of the World: a contemporary
medallion commemorative of Drake's great voyage (1577-80) (London,
- Church, E. D., see under Cole.
- Cliffe, Edward, "The voyage of M. John Winter into the South
sea, by the straight of Magellan, in consort with M. Francis
Drake, begun in the yeere 1577.. ."; printed in Hakluyt (edition
of 1598-1600), III, pp. 748-53, and in Vaux, pp. 269-84.
- Cole, G. B., Catalogue of books relating to America forming
part of the library of E. D. Church (5 vols., New York,
- Colección de documentos ingéditos relativos
al descubrimiento, conquista y organizacioón de las
antiguas posesiones españolas de Ameríca y Ocenía,
sacados de los archivos del Reino, y muy especialmente dél
de Indias .. . (42 vols., Real Academia de la Historia,
Madrid, 1864-84). [For the Index to this collection, see
- Collins, William Edward (ed.), Queen Elizabeth's defence
of her proceedings in Church and State . . . (Church
History Society, London, 1899).
- Columbus, Christopher: see under Morison, S. E.
- Colvin, Sir Sidney, Early engraving and engravers in England
(1545-1695) ... (London, 1905).
- Connell-Smith, Gordon, Forerunners of Drake: a study of
English trade with Spain during the early Tudor period (Royal
Empire Society no. 5, London, 1954).
- Conway, G. R. G. (ed.), The rare travailes of Job Hortop [published
1591] (Mexico, 1928).
- Cooke, John [Narrative of his voyage with Drake, 1577/8], British
Museum Harleian MS. 540, ff. 93 et seq. , first printed
in Vaux, pp. 187-218.
- Cooley, W. D. (ed.): Sir Francis Drake his Voyage, 1595,
by Thomas Maynarde, together with the Spanish account of Drake's
attack on Puerto Rico ... (Hakluyt Society First Series
no. 4, London, 1849).
- Corbett, Sir Julian, Drake and the Tudor navy, with a history
of the rise of England as a naval power (2 vols., London,
- --, Successors of Drake (London, 1900).
- Corbett, Sir Julian (ed.), Fighting Instructions, 1530-1816 (Navy
Records Society no. 29, London, 1905).
- --, Papers relating to the Navy during the Spanish War,
1585-1587 (Navy Records Society no. II, London, 1898).
[Abbreviated to Spanish War ]
- Cortesão, Armando, Cartografia e cartógrafos portugueses
dos séculos XV e XVI (2 vols., Lisbon, 1935).
- Croftes, Lieutenant: see under Bigges, Walter.
- Crouch, Nathaniel: see under English Hero.
- Davenport, Frances Gardiner (ed.), European treaties bearing
on the history of the United States and its dependencies (3
vols., Washington, D.C., 1917-28).
- Davidson, George, "Francis Drake on the Northwest coast of
America ...." in: Transactions and proceedings of the Geographical
Society of the Pacific , Second series, V (1908), pp. 1-108.
- Davis, John, The voyages and works of John Davis the navigator ,
edited by A. H. Markham (Hakluyt Society First Series no. 59,
London, 1880). [This includes reprints of both of Davis' principal
literary works-- The Worldes Hydrographicall Discription (London,
1595) and the 1607 edition of The Seamans Secrets (London,
1595). Both are works contemporary with Drake and referring to
- D'Ewes, Sir Simonds, Journal of all the Parliaments during
the Reign of Queen Elizabeth ... (London, 1682).
- Dictionary of National Biography , edited by Sir
Leslie Stephen and Sir Sidney Lee (22 vols., Oxford, 1937-8).
- Dietz, F. C., English public finance, 1558-1641 (New
- [Drake, Sir Francis, et al.] Sir Francis Drake Revived:
Calling upon this Dull or Effeminate Age to follow his Noble
Steps for Gold and Silver. By this Memorable Relation of the
Rare occurrences ... in the yeeres 72. and 73.... Faithfully
taken out of the Report of M. Christopher Ceely, Ellis Hixom
and others....By Philip Nichols, Preacher. Reviewed by Sir
Francis Drake himselfe . . . set forth by Sir Francis Drake
Baronet ( his Nephew ) now living (London,
Nicholas Bourne, 1626; S.T.C. 18544). [There was
a second edition in 1628 ( S.T.C. 18545), and several
later ones appeared, with additional material, compiled by
Nathaniel Crouch under the title The English Hero, or Sir
Francis Drake Reviv'd ... (London, 1695 1655, 1695, etc.).
 The 1628 edition was reprinted textually by Irene A. Wright
in her edition of English Voyages to the Spanish Main,
1569-1580, pp. 245-326 , see below ] For The
World Encompassed, see next entry.
- [Drake, Sir Francis (1st baronet) (ed.)] The World Encompassed
by Sir Francis Drake, Being his next voyage to that to Nombre
de Dios formerly imprinted; Carefully collected out of the
notes of Master Francis Fletcher Preacher in this imployment .
.. (London, Nicholas Bourne, 1628; S.T.C. 7161).
 [There was a second edition in 1635 ( S.T.C. 7162),
and a facsimile reprint of the first, with introduction by
A. L. Rowse, and bibliographical notes by Robert O. Dougan
(Cleveland, Ohio, 1966). For reprintings in editions of 1854
and 1926 see Vaux, W. S. W., and Penzer, N. M., respectively.]
For Sir Francis Drake Revived..., see under Drake,
- Eden, Richard (editor and translator), A treatyse of the
newe India, with other new founde landes and Ilandes, aswell
eastwarde as westwarde, as they are knowen and found in these
oure dayes, after the descripcion of Sebastian Munster in his
boke of universall Cosmographie ... (London, Edward Sutton,
1553; S.T.C. 18244). [Reprinted in his edition of The
first three English books on America in 1885 by Edward
Arber, see above ]
- Eliott-Drake, Elizabeth, Lady, The family and heirs of
Sir Francis Drake (2 vols., London, 1911).
- Elizabeth I, Queen of England: see under Birch, Thomas;
Camden, William; Collins, William Edward; and D'Ewes, Sir Simonds.
- Elmendorf, W. W.: see under Heizer, R. F.
- English Hero, The , compiled by Nathaniel Crouch: see
under Drake, Sir Francis.
- Falls, Cyril, Elizabeth's Irish wars (London, 1960).
- Fernández Alvarez, Manuéel, "Orígenes
de la rivalidad naval hispano-inglesa en el siglo XVI," in: Revista
de Indias (1947), pp. 311-69.
- Fernández Asís V., Epistolario de Felipe
II sobre asuntos de mar (Madrid, 1943).
- Fernádez Duro, Cesáreo, Armada española
desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y León [ sic ,
for: Aragón] (9 vols., Madrid, 1895-1903).
- --, La Armada Invencible (2 vols., Madrid, 1884-1885).
- Fernández de Navarrete: see under Navarrete.
- Fisher, F.J. (ed.), "The state of England, Anno Dom. 1600" [contemporary
MS.] by Sir Thomas Wilson, in: Camden Miscellany , XVI
(Camden Society Third Series no. 52, London, 1936)
- Fletcher, Revd. Francis: for his contributions to The World
Encompassed, see under Drake, Sir Francis (1st baronet),
and Penzer, N. M.
- Foppens, Jean François, Bibliotheca Belgica, sive Virorum
in Belgio ... Catalogus (2 vols., Brussels, 1739).
- Freeman, A. Z., "A Moat Defensive: the coast defense scheme
of 1295," in: Speculum , XLII (1967), pp. 442-62.
- Fuller, Thomas, The History of the Worthies of England (London,
- --, The Holy State [and] The Profane State [in
one volume with two distinct title pages] (Cambridge, 1642).
- Gawdy MSS.: see under Great Britain and Ireland,
Historical Manuscripts Commission.
- Geyl, Pieter, Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse stam (Amsterdam,
1948 seq., in progress).
- Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, A Discourse of a Discoverie for
a New Passage to Cataia (London, 1576; S.T.C. 11881).
[Reprinted in: Quinn, D. B. (ed.), Sir Humphrey Gilbert ,
- Glasgow, Tom, Jr., "Elizabethan seamen encounter a new menace:
the shipworm," in: American Neptune , XXVII (1967),
- --, "The shape of the ships that defeated the Spanish Armada," in: Mariner's
Mirror , L (1964), pp. 177-87.
- Goris, J. A., Etudes sur les colonies marchandes méridionales
. . . à Anvers de 1488 à 1567 (Louvain, 1925).
- Great Britain and Ireland, Historical Manuscripts Commission,
Tenth Report, Appendix, part ii, Report on the manuscripts
of the family of Gawdy, formerly of Norfolk , edited by
Walter Rye (London, 1885). [Abbreviated to: Gawdy MSS. ]
- --, Report on the Pepys manuscripts preserved at Magdalene
College, Cambridge , edited by E. K. Purnell (London,
1911). [Abbreviated to: Pepys MSS. ; this is essentially
a calendar of three volumes of letters collected by the secretary
of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, which came into the possession
of his great-granddaughter's husband, the diarist John Evelyn,
who transferred them to Samuel Pepys in 1681]
- --, Report on the Manuscripts of the ... Marquis of Salisbury
preserved at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire (18 vols.,
London, 1883-1940). [Abbreviated to: Salisbury MSS. ;
these are the official papers of Sir William Cecil, 1st Baron
Burghley, and Sir Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury. For
the history of the reign of Elizabeth they possess in themselves
an importance equal to that of the documents in the State Papers
and the British Museum, many of which in fact derive from the
ministry of the Cecils]
- Greepe, Thomas: see under Waters, David W.
- Hakluyt, Richard, The Principall Navigations, Voiages and
Discoveries of the English nation, made by Sea or over Land,
to the most remote and farthest distant Quarters of the earth
at any time within the compasse of these 1500. yeeres ...
(London, George Bishop and Ralph Newberie, 1589; S.T.C. 12625).
[First edition. The first version of the account of Drake's
circumnavigation in 1577- 1580, compiled from the accounts
of Francis Fletcher and other voyagers and entitled "The Famous
Voyage.. . . " was inserted into many copies of this copies
of this edition only after the main text was printed, in the
form of a gathering of six leaves between pp. 643 and 644.
There is strong bibliographical evidence to show that the majority
of known copies of the 1589 Hakluyt contain "The Famous Voyage" in
this position and that it may even have been issued with the
remainder of the text when the volume was actually published,
in January or February 1590. This case for the date of 1589
or 1590 for "The Famous Voyage" is set out by Willis Holmes
Kerr, "The Treatment of Drake's Circumnavigation in Hakluyt's
'Voyages,' 1589," in: Papers of the Bibliographical Society
of America , XXXIV (1940), pp. 281-302. In any case, a
comparison of the content of printed texts shows that works
in part based upon "The Famous Voyage" appeared as early as
1592. A facsimile of this edition, edited by D. B. Quinn and
R. A. Skelton, with a new index by Alison Quinn was published,
in 2 volumes, by the Hakluyt Society (London, 1965).]
- --, The Principal Navigations, Voiages, Traffiques and
Discoveries of the English Nation, made by Sea or over-land,
to the remote and farthest distant quarters of the Earth, at
any time within the compasse of these 1500. yeeres ...
(3 vols., London, George Bishop, Ralph Newberie and Robert
Barker, 1598 [or 15991-1600; S.T.C. 12626). 
[The second edition. Along with accounts of other Drake voyages,
Hakluyt again printed "The Famous Voyage" account of the circumnavigation,
with some alterations, and duplicated the portion of it relating
to some of the events in 1579 in order to establish English
claims to California. This edition was reprinted, with a new
index and essay by Prof. Sir Walter Raleigh, in 12 volumes
- --, see also under Taylor, E. G. R.
- Hale, John Rigby, The art of war and Renaissance England (Folger
Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., 1961).
- [Hall, Joseph], The discovery of a New World, or A Description
of the South India, Hetherto Unknowne, By an English Mercury ([London],
Edward Blount and William Barrett, ; S.T.C. 12686);
edited by Huntington Brown (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1937).
[The first edition was the Latin one entitled Mundus alter
et idem, sive Terra Australis ante hac semper incognita ...
(Frankfurt [c. 1605], 1607, etc.; S.T.C. 12685).]
- Hamilton, Earl J., American treasure and the price revolution
in Spain, 1501-1650 (Harvard Economic Series, 43, Cambridge,
- Haring, Clarence H., Trade and navigation between Spain
and the Indies in the time of the Hapsburgs (Harvard
Economic Series, 19, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1918).
- Harrison, William, "An historical description of the island
of Britayne," in: Holinshed , Vol. I, see below .
- Haselden, R. B.,"Is the Drake plate of brass genuine?", in: California
Historical Society Quarterly , XVI (1937), pp. 231-4.
- Hawkins, Sir Richard, Observations of Sr Richard Hawkins
in his voiage into the South sea, 1593 (London, John
Jaggard, 1622; S.T.C. 12962). [Reprinted in Markham,
Sir Clements R. (ed.), The Hawkins Voyages, see below ]
- Hayward, Sir John: see under Bruce, John.
- Heckscher, E. F., Mercantilism , translated by Mendel
Shapiro (2 vols., London, 1935).
- Heizer, R. F., Francis Drake and the California Indians,
1579 (University of California Publications in American
Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. XLII, no. 3, Berkeley, 1947).
- Heizer, R. F., and W. W. Elmendorf, "Francis Drake's California
anchorage in the light of the Indian language, spoken there," in: Pacific
Historical Review , XI (1942), pp. 213-7).
- Herrera Oria, Enrique, Felipe II y el Marqués de
Santa Cruz en la Empresa de Inglaterra (Madrid, 1946).
- Hill, G. F., "The techniques of Simon van de Passe," in: Numismatic
Chronicle , Fourth Series, XV (1915), pp. 230-42.
- Hind, A. M., Margery Corbett and Michael Norton, Engraving
in England in the 16th and 17th centuries (3 vols., Cambridge,
1952-64). [Only the first two volumes were used here, and are
by Hind alone]
- Holinshed, Raphael, Chronicles ... (3 vols. London,
John Harison, George Bishop, Ralph Newberie, Henry Denham and
Thomas Woodcocke, 1587; S.T.C. 13569).
- Hollstein, F. W. H., Dutch and Flemish Engravings and Woodcuts,
c. 1450-1700 (Amsterdam, 1949 seq.; in progress).
- Hopper, Clarence: see under Leng, Robert.
- Hortop, Job see under Conway, G. R. G.
- Hulton, Paul, and D. B. Quinn, The American drawings of
John White, 1577-1590 , with contributions by W. C. Sturtevant,
C. E. Raven, R. A. Skelton and Louis B. Wright (2 vols., London,
- Hume--Rotherby, W., Review of California Historical Society, "Drake's
plate of brass authenticated," in: Geographical Journal ,
XCIV (1939), pp. 54-5.
- Hurstfield, "The succession struggle in Elizabethan England," in:
et al. (eds.), Elizabethan government and society .
- Jenkins, Elizabeth, Elizabeth the Great (London,
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Americana (2nd edition, 3 vols, in 5, Providence, Rhode
- Jordan, W. K., Philanthropy in England, 1480-1660: a study
of the changing pattern social aspirations (London, 1559)
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et les premiers établissements: XV
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de l'expansion et de la colonisation françaises, Paris, 1948).
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vols., Utrecht, 1931-4).
- Keynes, John Maynard, A treatise on money (2 vols.,
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West Indies," in: English Historical Review , XX (1904
, pp. 115-24.
- Kossmann, E. H.: see under Bromley, J. S.
- Lacour [de la Pijardiére], Louis (ed.), Mémoire
du voiage en Russie, fait en 1586 par Jehan Sauvage, suivi
de l'Expédition de Fr. Drake en Amérique à la
même époque, publiés la première fois
d'après les manuscrits de la Bib. imp. (Paris,
- Landín Carrasco, Amancio, Vida y viajes de Pedro
Sarmiento de Gamboa (Madrid, 1945).
- La Roncière, Charles de, "Un atlas inconnu de la dernière
expédition de Drake (vues prises de son bord)," in: Bulletin
de géographie historique et descriptive (1909),
- Laughton, Sir John Knox (ed.), State Papers relating to
the defeat of the Spanish Armada, anno 1588 (Navy Records
Society nos. 1 and 2, 2 vols., London, 1894). [Abbreviated
to Defeat of the Spanish Armada ]
- Leng, Robert, "Sir Francis Drake's memorable service done against
the Spaniards in 1587 ...," edited by Clarence Hopper, in: the Camden
Miscellany , V (Camden Society First Series no. 87, London,
- Lewis, Michael, The Spanish Armada (London, 1960).
- Linden, H. van der, "Alexander VI and the demarcation of the
maritime and colonial dominions of Spain and Portugal, 1493-1494," in: American
Historical Review , XXII (1916), pp. 1-20.
- Llaguno y Amírola, Eugenio de: see under Ceán-Bermúdez,
- Lloyd, Christopher C., Sir Francis Drake (London,
- --, see also under Naish, G. P. B.
- Loomie, Albert, S.J., The Spanish Elizabethans: the English
exiles at the court of Philip II (New York, 1963).
- Lynam, Edward, "English maps and map-makers of the sixteenth
century," in: Geographical Journal , CXVI (1950), pp.
7-28 [especially for his supplementary notice on Boazio, pp.
- Lynch, John, "Philip II and the Papacy," in: Transactions
of the Royal Historical Society , Fifth Series, XI (1961),
- -- Spain under the Habsburgs, 1516-1700 (vol. I,
- Mackie, J. D.: see under Oxford History of England.
- Markham, Arthur Hastings: see under Davis, John.
- Markham, Sir Clements R. (ed.), The Hawkins Voyages during
the reigns of Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth and James I (Hakluyt
Society First Series no. 57, London, 1878). [Includes a reprinting
of Sir Richard Hawkins's Observations ...(1622)]
- --, Narratives of the Voyages of Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa
to the Straits of Magellan (Hakluyt Society First Series
no. 91, London, 1895).
- Martínez Cardlós, J. M., Las Indias en las
Cortes de Castilla (Madrid, 1954).
- Martire d'Anghiera, Pietro: see under Arber, Edward.
- Mattingly, Garrett, The Armada (Boston, 1959).
- Maura, Gonzalo Maura Gamazo, 2nd Duke of, El designio de
Felipe II y el episodio de la Armada Invencible (Madrid,
1957). [This prints many of the King's letters to the Duke
of Medina Sidonia, especially those relating to Drake's raid
on Cadiz and to the preparations for the Armada in 1587-8]
- Maynarde, Thomas, Sir Francis Drake his voyage, 1595 ,
published by the Hakluyt Society, 1849, edited by W. D. Cooley, see
- Medina, José Toribio, Biblioteca Hipano-Chilena,
1523-1817 (3 vols., Santiago de Chile, 1897-9).
- --, El Piloto Juan Fernández, descubridor de las
islas que llevan su nombre, y Juan Jufré, armador de
la expedición que hizo en busca de otras en el Mar del
Sur (Santiago de Chile, 1918).
- Merriman, Roger Bigelow, The rise of the Spanish Empire
in the Old World and the New (4 vols., Cambridge, Massachusetts,
- Meyerstein, E. H. W., "Troubles of Devonshire mariners in Spanish
ports, 1550," in: Mariner's Mirror , XXXV (1949), pp.
- Milford Haven, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of, British
Naval Medals (London, 1919).
- Monson, Sir William, The Naval Tracts of Sir William Monson [composed
mainly around 1640, but including many professional papers and
official memoranda on naval affairs originating during the preceding
half-century; largely printed in Awnsham and John Churchill's Collection
of Voyages and Travels (1704-1732), Vol. III, pp. 163-560;
but complete, from the original MSS., here for the first time],
edited by M. Oppenheim (5 vols., Navy Records Society nos. 22,
23, 43, 45 and 47, London, 1902-14).
- Morison, Samuel Eliot (ed.), Journals and other documents
on the life and voyages of Christopher Columbus (New
- Müller-Reinhard, J.: see under Averdunk, H.
- Müinster, Sebastian: see under Eden, Richard.
- Naish, F. C. Prideaux, "The mystery of the tonnage and dimensions
of the Pelican-Golden Hind ," in: Mariner's Mirror ,
XXXIV (1948), pp. 42-5.
- Naish, G. P. B. (ed.), "Documents illustrating the history
of the Spanish Armada" [including an English translation of the
narrative of Petruccio Ubaldino], in: The Naval Miscellany ,
IV, edited by Christopher C. Lloyd (Navy Records Society no.
92, London, 1952).
- Navarrete, Martin Fernández de, Biblioteca marítima
española (2 vols., Madrid, 1851). [A biographical
as well as a bibliographical dictionary of Spanish sea officers
and writers on maritime subjects]
- --, Colección, de los viages que han hecho los castellanos
por mar y tierra desde fines del siglo XV (5 vols., Madrid,
- Neale, Sir John, Elizabeth I and her parliaments (2
vols., London, 1953-7).
- --, Queen Elizabeth (London, 1934).
- --, see also under Bindoff, S. T.
- Nederlandsch Historisch Scheepvaart Museum, Amsterdam, Catalogus
der Bibliotheek ... (2 vols., Amsterdam, 1960).
- Nichols, Revd. Philip: see under Drake, Sir Francis.
- Nordenskiöld, Baron A. E. von, Facsimile Atlas to the early
history of cartography ..., translated by Johann Adolf
Ekelof and Clements R. Markham (Stockholm, 1893).
- Norton, Robert: see under Camden, William.
- Nowell, Charles E., "The treaty of Tordesillas and the diplomatic
background to American history," in: Greater America: essays
in honor of Herbert Eugene Bolton (San Francisco, 1945).
- Nuttall, Zelia (ed.), New light on Drake: a collection
of documents relating to his voyage of circumnavigation, 1577-2580 (Hakluyt
Society Second Series no. 34, London, 1914).
- Oman, Sir Charles, A history of the art of war in the sixteenth
century (London, 1937).
- Oppenheim, L., International law , Volume I: "Peace," 8th
edition, by H. Lauterpacht (London, 1955).
- Oppenheim, M., A history of the administration of the Royal
Navy and its relation to merchant shipping, 1509-1660 (London,
- --, see also under Monson, Sir William.
- Oxford Book of English Verse , new edition, edited
by Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch (Oxford, 1966).
- Oxford History of England , "The Earlier Tudors,
1485-1558," by J. D. Mackie (Oxford, 1952); "The Reign of Elizabeth,
1558-1603," by J. B. Black (2nd edition, Oxford, 1959).
- Oxford History of English Literature , edited by
F. P. Wilson and Bonamy Dobrée (12 vols. in 14), III. "English
Literature in the Sixteenth Century", by C. S. Lewis (Oxford,
1945); V. "English Literature in the earlier Seventeenth Century," by
Douglas Bush (Oxford, 1947).
- Palacio Atard, Vicente, Derrota, agotamiento, decadencia
en la España del siglo XVII (Madrid, 1949).
- Palau y Dulcet, Antonio, Manual del librero hispano-americano (Barcelona,
1923-7; 2nd [revised] edition, 1948-64).
- Parry, John Horace, The Age of Reconnaissance, 1450-1650 (London,
- --, The Spanish sea-borne empire (London, 1965).
- --, The Spanish theory of empire (Cambridge, 1940).
- Pastells, Pablo, S. J., El descubrimiento del Estrecho
de Magallanes (2 vols., Madrid, 1920).
- Penrose, Boies, Travel and Discovery in the Renaissance,
1420-1620 (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1955).
- Penzer, N. M. (ed.), The World Encompassed, and analogous
contemporary documents concerning Sir Francis Drake's circumnavigation
of the world ... (London, 1926). [Prints Francis Fletcher's
manuscript in full and adds selections from documents mainly
already printed by Zelia Nuttall]
- Pepys: see under Great Britain ..., Historical Manuscripts
- Pérez Pastor, Cristóbal, Bibliografía
madrileña ... (3 vols., Madrid, 1891-1907).
- Philip II, King of Spain: see under Calendar of State Papers,
Spanish ; Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor; Fernández
Asís, V.; Fernández Duro, Cesáreo; Maura,
- Pollard, A. W. and G. R. Redgrave (compilers), A Short-Title
Catalogue of books printed in England, Scotland, & Ireland,
and of English books printed abroad, 1475-1640 (London,
1926). [Abbreviated to S.T.C. ]
- Purchas, Samuel, Hakluytus Posthumus, or, Purchas his Pilgrimes ...
(5 vols., London, 1625; S.T.C. 20509).  Reprinted in 20 vols.,
with new index (Glasgow, 1905-7).
- Quinn, David Beers, "Some Spanish reactions to Elizabethan
colonising enterprises," in: Transactions of the Royal Historical
Society , Fifth Series, I (1951), pp. 1-23.
- -- (ed.), The Roanoke Voyages, 1584-1590: documents to
illustrate the English voyages to North America under the patent
granted to Walter Raleigh in 1584 (Hakluyt Society Second
Series nos. 104-5, 2. vols., Cambridge, 1955).
- -- (ed.), The Voyages and Colonising Enterprises of Sir
Humphrey Gilbert (Hakluyt Society Second Series nos.
83-4, 2 vols., London, 1940).
- --, see also under Hakluyt, Richard, and Hulton,
- Raemdonck, J. van, Gérard Mercator, sa vie et ses
oeuvres (St-Nicolas, 1869).
- Ralegh, Sir Walter, The Works of Sir Walter Ralegh, Kt.,
political, commercial and philosophical, together with his
letters and poems ... To which is prefix'd a new account of
his life , by Tho. Birch (2 vols., London, 1751).
- Read, Conyers, Lord Burghley and Queen Elizabeth (New
- --, Mr. Secretary Cecil and Queen Elizabeth (London,
- --, Sir Francis Walsingham (3 vols., London, 1925).
- -- (compiler), Bibliography of British history: Tudor period,
1485-1603 , 2nd edition (Oxford, 1959).
- Redgrave, G. R.: see under Pollard, A. W.
- Revised Prayer Book (London, 1928).
- Robinson, Gregory, "The evidence about the Golden Hind ," in: Mariner's
Mirror , XXXV (1949), pp. 56-65.
- --, "A forgotten life of Sir Francis Drake," in: Mariner's
Mirror , VII (1921), pp. 10-18. [Discusses the view of
Drake given in 1784 by George William Anderson, and examines
his comparison of the morality and distinction shown by Drake
with those of other circumnavigators]
- --, "The trial and death of Thomas Doughty," in: Mariner's
Mirror , VII (1921), pp. 271-82.
- Rosenblat, Angel: see under Sarmiento de Gamboa,
- Rowse, A. L.: see under Drake, Sir Francis (1st baronet).
- Ruméu y Armas, Antonio, Piraterías y ataques
navales contra las Islas Canarias (3 vols. in 5, Madrid
- --, Los viajes de John Hawkins a América ( 1562-1595 )
- Russell, Peter Edward, The English Intervention in Spain &Portugal
in the time of Edward III and Richard II (Oxford, 1955).
- Sabin, Joseph, A Dictionary of Books relating to America
from its discovery to the present time (29 vols., New
- Salisbury: see under Great Britain.
- Sarmiento de Gamboa, Pedro, Viage al Estrecho de Magallanes
por P. Sarmiento de Gamboa en los años de 1579 y 1580
y noticia de la expedition que despues hizo para poblarle (Madrid,
- --, Viajes al Estrecho de Magallanes ( 1579-1584 ),
edited by Angel Rosenblat (2 vols., Buenos Aires, 1950).
- Schaefer, Ernesto, El Consejo Real y Supremo de las Indias (2
vols., Seville, 1935-47).
- --(compiler), Indice de la Colección de Documentos
Inéditos de Indias (2 vols., Madrid, 1946).
- Schurz, William Lytle, The Manila Galleon , 2nd edition
(New York, 1959).
- Scott, W. R., The constitution and finances of English,
Scottish and Irish joint stock companies, to 1720 (3
vols., Cambridge, 1910).
- Shakespeare, William, Mr William Shakespeares Comedies,
Histories and Tragedies [the "First Folio," of 1623],
in facsimile, edited by Helge Kökeritz and Charles Tyler Prouty
(New Haven, 1954).
- Skelton, R. A., Decorative printed maps of the 15th to the
18th centuries ... (London, 1952).
- --, Explorers' Maps: chapters in the cartographic record
of geographical discovery (London, 1958).
- --, "The royal map collections of England," in: Imago Mundi ,
XIII (1956), pp. 181-3.
- --, see also under Hakluyt, Richard, and Hulton,
- Sottas, Jules, "An atlas of Drake's last voyage," in: Mariner's
Mirror , II (1912), pp. 135-42.
- --, "Guillaume Le Testu and his work," in: Mariner's Mirror ,
II (1912), pp. 65-75.
- Spedding, James: see under Bacon, Francis.
- Sprent, F. B.: see under British Museum.
- Stow, John, The Annales, or Generall Chronicle of England
begun ... by maister John Stow, and after him continued ...
unto the ende of this present yeere 1614, by E. Howes ...
(London, 1615; S.T.C. 23338).
- --, A survay of London, contayning the originall, antiquity,
increase, moderne estate, and description of that citie ...
(London, J. Wolfe, 1598; S.T.C. 23341).
- Taylor, E. G. R., "Early empire-building projects in the Pacific
Ocean, 1565-1585," in: Hispanic American Historical Review ,
XIV (1934), pp. 296-306.
- --, "Francis Drake and the Pacific: two fragments," in: Pacific
Historical Review , I (1932), pp. 360-9.
- --, "Master John Dee, Drake and the Straits of Anian," in: Mariner's
Mirror , XV (1929), pp. 125-30. [Largely reprinted in
her Tudor Geography , pp. 113-19]
- --, "The missing Draft Project of Drake's voyage of 1577-80," in: Geographical
Journal , LXXV (1930), pp. 46-7.
- --, "More light on Drake, 1577-80," in: Mariner's Mirror ,
XVI (1930), pp. 134-51.
- --, Tudor geography, 1485-1583 (London, 1930).
- --(ed.), The original writings and correspondence of the
two Richard Hakluyts (Hakluyt Society Second Series nos.
76-7, 2, vols., London, 1935).
- --(ed.), The Troublesome Voyage of Captain Edward Fenton,
1582-1583 (Hakluyt Society Second Series no. 113, Cambridge,
- Tenison, E. E., Elizabethan England ... (13 vols.,
Leamington Spa, 1933-61).
- Tiele, P. A., Mémoire bibliographique sur les journaux
des navigateurs néerlandais ... (Amsterdam, 1867).
- Törne, Per Olof von, Don Juan d'Autriche et les projets
pour la conquête de l'Angleterre (2 vols., Helsingfors,
- Ubaldino, Petruccio: see under Naish, G. P. B.
- Ulloa, Modesto, La Hacienda real de Castilla en el reinado
de Felipe II (Rome, 1963).
- Unwin, Rayner, The defeat of John Hawkins: a biography
of his third slaving voyage (London, 1960).
- Vaux, W. S. W. (ed.), The World Encompassed of Sir Francis
Drake ... collated with an unpublished manuscript of Francis
Fletcher ... (Hakluyt Society First Series no. 16, London,
1854). [Despite the promise of the title, only unsatisfactorily
truncated portions of Fletcher's MS. are printed here. The
value of this work lies largely in its printing, for the first
time, of the account of the expedition up to the time of its
entry into the Pacific by John Cooke (who returned thence with
John Winter) and the narrative of the whole voyage by anonymous
companions of Drake in the Golden Hind. Fletcher's
ms. is printed complete in the 1926 edition of The World
Encompassed ... by N. M. Penzer, see above.
- Wagner, Henry Raup, "Creation of rights of sovereignty through
symbolic acts," in: Pacific Historical Review , VII
- --, Sir Francis Drake's voyage around the world: its aims
and achievements (San Francisco, 1926).
- Wallis, Helen M., "English enterprise in the region of the
Strait of Magellan," in: Merchants and Scholars: essays in
the history of exploration and trade collected in memory of John
Ford Bell , edited by John Parker (Minneapolis, 1965).
- --, "The first English globe: a recent discovery," in: Geographical
Journal , CXVII (1951), pp. 275-90.
- --, "Further light on the Molyneux globes," in: Geographical
Journal , CXXI (1955), pp. 304-11.
- Waters, David W., The Art of Navigation in England in Elizabethan
and early Stuart times (London and New Haven, 1958).
- --, "The Elizabethan Navy and the Armada campaign," in: Mariner's
Mirror , XXXV (1949), pp. 90-138.
- --(ed.), The true and perfecte Newes of the woorthy and
valiaunt exploytes, performed and doone by that valiant Knight
Syr Frauncis Drake: Not onely at Sancto Domingo, and Carthagena,
but also nowe at Cales, and uppon the Coast of Spayne by
Thomas Greepe. Facsimile from the original edition [London,
Thomas Hackett, 1587; S.T.C. 12343], with an introduction
and a bibliography of English military books by David W. Waters
(Hartford, 1955, Americanum Nauticum no. 3).
- Wernham, R. B., Before the Armada: the growth of English
foreign policy, 1485-1558 (London, 1966). [The American
edition (New York, 1966) is sub-titled: the emergence of
the English nation, 1485-1588 , but is otherwise identical].
- --, "Elizabethan war aims and strategy," in: Elizabethan
government and society: see under Bindoff, S. T.
- --, "English policy and the revolt of the Netherlands," in: Bromley
and Kossmann (eds.), Britain and the Netherlands,
see above .
- --, "Queen Elizabeth and the Portugal expedition of 1589," in: English
Historical Review , LXVI (1951), pp. 1-26 and 194-218.
- Willan, Thomas Stuart, Studies in Elizabethan foreign trade (Manchester,
- Williams, Sir Rodger, The Actions of the Low Countries [composed
c. 1585; first published 1618; S.T.C. 25731], edited
by D. W. Davies (Folger Shakespeare Lib., Ithaca, N.Y., 1964.)
- Williamson, James A., The Age of Drake (London, 1938).
- --, The English Channel: a history (London, 1959).
- --, Hawkins of Plymouth (London, 1949).
- --, Sir Francis Drake (London, 1951; and edition,
New York, 1965).
- --, Sir John Hawkins: the time and the man (Oxford,
- Wilson, Charles, Mercantilism (Historical Association,
- Wilson, Sir Thomas: see under Fisher, F. J.
- World Encompassed, The . For the first edition, of
1628, etc., and the facsimile of 1966: see under , Drake,
Sir Francis (1st baronet); for the edition of 1854: see underV a
ux, W. S.W.; for the edition of 1926: see under Penzer,
N. M. See also under Baltimore Museum of Art.
- Wright, Irene A. (ed.), Documents concerning English voyages
to the Spanish Main, 1569-1580 ... (Hakluyt Society Second
Series no. 71, London, 1932). [Reprints, textually, the 1628
edition of Sir Francis Drake Revived .... , pp. 245-326.]
[Abbreviated to Wright, Documents 1569-1580.]
- -- (ed.), Further English voyages to Spanish America, 1583-1594 ...
(Hakluyt Society Second Series no. 99, London, 1951). [Abbreviated
to Wright, Further English Voyages, 1583-1594. ]
- --(ed.), Spanish documents concerning English voyages to
the Caribbean, 1527-1568 (Hakluyt Society Second Series
no. 62, London, 1929). [Abbreviated to Wright, Documents
- Wroth, Lawrence, "An Elizabethan merchant and man of letters" [ i.e. ,
John Frampton, translator into English of Pedro de Medina, Nicolás
de Monardes and other Spanish writers of works vital to maritime
exploration], in: Huntington Library Quarterly , XVII
(1953-4), pp. 293-316.
The design, composition, and letterpress printing of the
text have been executed by Clarke & Way, Inc., at the Thistle
Press in New York. The Pictorial Biography and frontispiece have
been printed in offset lithography by The Meriden Gravure Company,
Meriden, Connecticut. The binding is by The Russell-Rutter Company,