About Banner Click here to go back to the home page
  Click to learn more about the committee Click to learn more about committee resources Click to learn more about hearings and meetings Click to learn more about legislation Click to learn more about nominations Click to learn more about press  
About the Committee
Print Page | Email Page | text changer normal text size text size plus 1 text size plus 2
Committee Jurisdiction

In addition to its critical role in providing oversight of the Department of Justice and the agencies under the Department's jurisdiction, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Department of Homeland Security, the Judiciary Committee plays an important role in the consideration of nominations and pending legislation.

Executive nominations for positions in the Department of Justice, Office of National Drug Control Policy, the United States Parole Commission, the United States Sentencing Commission, and the State Justice Institute, as well as select nominations for the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Commerce are referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.

The Judiciary Committee is also charged with the consideration of all Article III judicial nominations.  These include Supreme Court nominations, appellate court nominations, and district court nominations.  The Committee also considers nominations to the Court of International Trade.

In addition to its role in conducting oversight and consideration of nominations, the Senate Judiciary Committee also considers legislation, resolutions, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters, as provided for in the Standing Rules of the Senate.  These areas include:

  • Apportionment of Representatives
  • Bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting
  • Civil liberties
  • Constitutional amendments
  • Federal courts and judges
  • Government information
  • Holidays and celebrations
  • Immigration and naturalization
  • Interstate compacts generally
  • Judicial proceedings, civil and criminal, generally
  • Local courts in territories and possessions
  • Measures relating to claims against the United States
  • National penitentiaries
  • Patent Office
  • Patents, copyrights, and trademarks
  • Protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies
  • Revision and codification of the statutes of the United States
  • State and territorial boundary lines

Did You Know?  Harlan Fiske Stone was the first Supreme Court nominee to testify at a Supreme Court confirmation hearing in 1925.  John Harlan was only the fourth nominee to testify (1955).  Harlan's 1955 confirmation marked the beginning of the current practice of each Supreme Court nominee testifying before the Judiciary Committee.

Privacy and Security Information