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Constitution of the United States


National Elections take place every even-numbered year. Every four years the president, vice president, one-third of the Senate, and the entire House are up for election (on-year elections). On even-numbered years when there isn't a presidential election, one-third of the Senate and the whole House are included in the election (off-year elections).

            Senate Election Law Guidebook (pdf)
             Term of a Senator: When Does It Begin and End? (pdf)
             Constitutional Qualification Necessary to Become a Senator

History of Elections

         The Decision to Permit State Houses to Elect Senators, June 7, 1787
         The Lottery to Choose Senate "Classes," May 15, 1789
         Direct Election of Senators
             The Seventeenth Amendment
         "Treason of the Senate," Feb 17, 1906
        Electing Senators: A Historical Perspective

     Historic Elections

         The Senate Elects a Vice President, Feb 8, 1837
         The Florida Case, Feb 5, 1877
         Senator Ousted, Jul 13, 1912
         Key Pittman Barely Elected, Jan 28, 1913
         November 5 Election in Doubt, Oct 25, 1918
        The Hattie and Huey Tour
        The Write-in Candidate
        Smith vs. Cormier, 1960
         Contested Senate Elections
         United States Election, Expulsion, and Censure Cases
             Contested Elections in the Senate

After Elections

         Appointed Senators
         Freshman Senators

Related Items:    Current Senators    Political Parties