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Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Machine-Readable Cataloging

Written by Betty Furrie in conjunction with the Data Base Development Department of The Follett Software Company

Eighth edition reviewed and edited by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress

Published by the Cataloging Distribution Service, Library of Congress, in collaboration with The Follett Software Company


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Copyright ©2009 The Library of Congress, except within the U.S.A.(Credit must be given when excerpting from this publication). For permission to translate, excerpt, or adapt this publication, contact the Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office (

Understanding MARC Bibliographic was a copyrighted work originally published by the Follett Software Co. in 1988. Other previous editions are the following: second edition, 1989; third edition, 1990; fourth edition, 1994; fifth edition, 1998; sixth edition, 2000; seventh edition, 2003.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Machine-Readable Cataloging

What is a MARC Record, and Why is it Important?
Part I: What Does MARC Mean?
Part II: Why Is a MARC Record Necessary?
Part III: MARC Terms and Their Definitions
Part IV: Where do MARC Records Originate?
Part V: MARC Data Issues
Part VI: In Conclusion
MARC 21 Reference Materials -- Parts VII to X
Part VII: A Summary of Commonly Used MARC 21 Fields
Part VIII: A List of Other Fields Often Seen in MARC Records
Part IX: The Leader
Part X: Field 008 for Books
MARC 21 Reference Materials -- Parts XI to XII
Part XI: A Sample Record in Various Formats
Part XII: AV Records: From Cards to MARC 21
Selected Bibliography
MARC 21 Content Designators: A Review

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