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MARC Instruments and Voices Code List

List identifier: marcmusperf

Code List

Source: This list was derived from a controlled list of coded values in the MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data from field 048 (Number of Musical Instruments or Voices Codes).

ba Brass - Horn
bb Brass - Trumpet
bc Brass - Cornet
bd Brass - Trombone
be Brass - Tuba
bf Brass - Baritone
bn Brass - Unspecified
bu Brass - Unknown
by Brass - Ethnic
bz Brass - Other
ca Choruses - Mixed
cb Choruses - Women's
cc Choruses - Men's
cd Choruses - Children's
cn Choruses - Unspecified
cu Choruses - Unknown
cy Choruses - Ethnic
ea Electronic - Synthesizer
eb Electronic - Tape
ec Electronic - Computer
ed Electronic - Ondes Martinot
en Electronic - Unspecified
eu Electronic - Unknown
ez Electronic - Other
ka Keyboard - Piano
kb Keyboard - Organ
kc Keyboard - Harpsichord
kd Keyboard - Clavichord
ke Keyboard - Continuo
kf Keyboard - Celeste
kn Keyboard - Unspecified
ku Keyboard - Unknown
ky Keyboard - Ethnic
kz Keyboard - Other
oa Larger ensemble - Full orchestra
ob Larger ensemble - Chamber orch.
oc Larger ensemble - String orchestra
od Larger ensemble - Band
oe Larger ensemble - Dance orchestra
of Larger ensemble - Brass band (brass with some doubling, with or without percussion)
on Larger ensemble - Unspecified
ou Larger ensemble - Unknown
oy Larger ensemble - Ethnic
oz Larger ensemble - Other
pa Percussion - Timpani
pb Percussion - Xylophone
pc Percussion - Marimba
pd Percussion - Drum
pn Percussion - Unspecified
pu Percussion - Unknown
py Percussion - Ethnic
pz Percussion - Other
sa Strings, bowed - Violin
sb Strings, bowed - Viola
sc Strings, bowed - Violoncello
sd Strings, bowed - Double bass
se Strings, bowed - Viol
sf Strings, bowed - Viola d'amore
sg Strings, bowed - Viola da gamba
sn Strings, bowed - Unspecified
su Strings, bowed - Unknown
sy Strings, bowed - Ethnic
sz Strings, bowed - Other
ta Strings, plucked - Harp
tb Strings, plucked - Guitar
tc Strings, plucked - Lute
td Strings, plucked - Mandolin
tn Strings, plucked - Unspecified
tu Strings, plucked - Unknown
ty Strings, plucked - Ethnic
tz Strings, plucked - Other
va Voices - Soprano
vb Voices - Mezzo Soprano
vc Voices - Alto
vd Voices - Tenor
ve Voices - Baritone
vf Voices - Bass
vg Voices - Counter tenor
vh Voices - High voice
vi Voices - Medium voice
vj Voices - Low voice
vn Voices - Unspecified
vu Voices - Unknown
vy Voices - Ethnic
wa Woodwinds - Flute
wb Woodwinds - Oboe
wc Woodwinds - Clarinet
wd Woodwinds - Bassoon
we Woodwinds - Piccolo
wf Woodwinds - English horn
wg Woodwinds - Bass clarinet
wh Woodwinds - Recorder
wi Woodwinds - Saxophone
wn Woodwinds - Unspecified
wu Woodwinds - Unknown
wy Woodwinds - Ethnic
wz Woodwinds - Other
zn Unspecified instruments
zu Unknown

List Maintenance

The Library of Congress is the maintenance agency for this value list. Questions and requests for information should be sent to: Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress, 101 Independence Avenue, S.E., Washington, DC 20540-4402; Fax: +1-202-707-0115; Internet: ndmso@loc.gov. Requests for additions to the value list should include an explanation and justification.

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