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Martín Travieso was a lawyer and a politician born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico in 1882. He received his law degree from Cornell University in 1903. He was a member of the Unionist Party from 1904 to 1931. During those years, he served as a member of the Executive Cabinet (1908-1914) and was the first Puerto Rican to serve as a Secretary of Puerto Rico and then provisional governor (1917). In 1931, he left the Unionist Party and became a member of the Puerto Rican Liberal Party. In 1948, he was a candidate for governor representing a coalition of the Statist, Socialist and Reform Parties. Also, he served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico from 1944 to 1948. Travieso died in 1971.