American Memory Help

Wavelet Compression Technology

The sharp display of very large digital files with minimal loading time is made possible by wavelet technology. As of January 2005, the Library of Congress will be using two methods of wavelet compression to serve large images: MrSID and JPEG2000.

The key feature of both is their use of tiling to compress digitized images, which allows high compression with minimal loss of detail. Tiling also gives both MrSID and JPEG2000 the ability to decompress only that portion of an image requested by the user.

By allowing immediate access to any part of an image, of any size, at any resolution, MrSID and JPEG2000 are ideal for viewing the Library’s large documents (newspapers, rare books, manuscripts) and maps, which are up to 4 GB in size.


The Library has used MrSID (Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database) technology from LizardTech since 1996.

MrSID's compression ratio is approximately 22:1, depending on image content and color depth.

The software is the result of research efforts at Los Alamos National Laboratory. For additional information, visit LizardTech's Web site.


The Library adopted the use of JPEG2000 (Joint Photographers Expert Group) file format in January 2005.

JPEG2000's compression ratio is approximately 20:1, depending on image content and color depth.

The technology is an open standard available through the JPEG/JBIG committee. The Library currently uses software from Aware, Inc., to serve JPEG2000-compressed images.

MrSID and JPEG2000 technology requires no special software for viewing images online. For users who wish to download images, please visit our How to View page.