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Constitution of the United States


"The president shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States . . . . "

U.S. Constitution, Article II, section 2, clause 2

Find nominees

            Search THOMAS 1987-present

    Nominations Received

        Civilian nominations   Pending in committee   Privileged   Confirmed
        Non-civilian nominations   Pending in committee   Confirmed
        Other nomination action   Withdrawn   Failed or returned to the president

    Executive Calendar

            Latest issue (pdf)

    Overview   Nominations


    U.S. Judges

            Biographies 1789- present (Federal Judicial Center)

    U.S. Supreme Court

            Nominees present-1789
            Hearings present-1971
            Senators who served
            Chief Justice Nomination Rejected (Rutledge) December 15, 1795
            Supreme Court Justice Tried (Chase) November 30, 1804
            Committee Grills Nominee (Stone) January 28, 1925
            Nomination Rejected (Parker) May 7, 1930
            Nominee Refuses to Testify (Minton) October 1, 1949
            Filibuster Derails Appointment (Fortas) October 1, 1968

    U.S. District and Circuit Courts

            1977-2003 CRS report (pdf)
            1945-1976 CRS report (pdf)
            Judicial Nomination Materials: 112th Congress Judiciary Committee



            Senate consideration Bush (2001-2008)
            Senate consideration Carter-Bush (1977-2008; pdf)
            Rejected or Withdrawn
            First Cabinet Rejection (Taney) June 24, 1834
            Nomination Defeated (Strauss) June 19, 1959
            Senators Wrestle to Settle Nomination (Collins) July 9, 1964


            Diplomatic List U.S. State Department
            Chiefs of Mission U.S. State Department


             Plum Book    2012   2008   2004   2000   1996

Recess Appointments

            Frequently Asked Questions CRS report (pdf)