Welcome to the National Library of Medicine's Profiles in
This site celebrates twentieth-century leaders in biomedical research and public health. It makes the archival collections of prominent scientists, physicians, and others who have advanced the scientific enterprise available to the public through modern digital technology.
American surgeon Henry Swan II pioneered the use of hypothermia--cooling patients to a very low body temperature--to make possible the first open-heart surgeries.
|Christian B. Anfinsen | Oswald T. Avery | Julius Axelrod | Paul Berg | Francis Crick | Rosalind Franklin | Donald S. Fredrickson | Michael Heidelberger | Adrian Kantrowitz | Arthur Kornberg | Joshua Lederberg | Salvador E. Luria | Barbara McClintock | Victor A. McKusick | Daniel Nathans | Marshall W. Nirenberg | Linus Pauling | Martin Rodbell | Florence R. Sabin | Maxine Singer | Sol Spiegelman | Albert Szent-Gyorgyi | Harold Varmus|
|Health & Medicine|
|Virginia Apgar | Clarence Dennis | Charles R. Drew | Edward D. Freis | C. Everett Koop | Wilbur A. Sawyer | Fred L. Soper | Reports of the Surgeon General | Henry Swan | Visual Culture and Health|
|Fostering Science & Health|
|Alan Gregg | Mary Lasker | Regional Medical Programs|