Press Releases & News Articles: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Copyright 2012, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke en Press Release Saturday Sunday Imaging acute ischemic stroke patients’ brains did not lead to improved outcomes The use of advanced imaging shortly after the onset of acute stroke failed to identify a subgroup of patients who could benefit from a clot-removal procedure, a study has found. Fri, 08 Feb 2013 00:00:00 EST Clot-retrieval devices failed to improve stroke-related disability A stroke survivor’s chances of living independently after 90 days are not improved by the use of devices inserted into the artery to dissolve or remove a stroke-causing clot shortly after the onset of symptoms, according to a randomized controlled trial involving 656 patients. Thu, 07 Feb 2013 00:00:00 EST Reflex control could improve walking after incomplete spinal injuries A training regimen to adjust the body’s motor reflexes may help improve mobility for some people with incomplete spinal cord injuries, according to a study funded by NINDS. During training, participants were instructed to suppress a reflex elicited by a small shock to the leg. Those who were able to calm hyperactive reflexes – a common effect of spinal cord injuries – saw improvements in their walking. Tue, 05 Feb 2013 00:00:00 EST NIH launches collaborative effort to find biomarkers for Parkinson’s NINDS has launched a new initiative to help researchers investigate biomarkers for Parkinson’s disease, and to help patients learn about and participate in such studies. So far, the NINDS Parkinson’s Disease Biomarkers Program has funded nine research teams. To support collaboration across these projects and others, the PDBP is introducing a new online platform for investigators to share their data. Tue, 15 Jan 2013 00:00:00 EST NIH-funded researchers show possible trigger for MS nerve damage High-resolution real-time images show in mice how nerves may be damaged during the earliest stages of multiple sclerosis. The results suggest that the critical step happens when fibrinogen, a blood-clotting protein, leaks into the central nervous system and activates immune cells called microglia. Tue, 27 Nov 2012 00:00:00 EST Research breakthrough selectively represses the immune system In a mouse model of multiple sclerosis, researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed innovative technology to selectively inhibit the part of the immune system responsible for attacking myelin—the insulating material that encases nerve fibers. Their approach involved attaching myelin to microparticles, and using it as a decoy to thwart the immune attack. Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 EST Migraine-associated brain changes not related to impaired cognition Women with migraines did not appear to experience a decline in cognitive ability over time compared to those who didn’t have them, according to a nine-year follow up study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Tue, 13 Nov 2012 00:00:00 EST MRI and EEG could identify children at risk for epilepsy after febrile seizures Febrile seizures during childhood are usually benign, but when prolonged, they can foreshadow an increased risk of epilepsy later. A new study suggests that brain imaging and recordings of brain activity could help identify the children at highest risk. It shows that within days of a prolonged febrile seizure, some children have signs of acute brain injury, abnormal brain anatomy, and/or altered brain activity. Wed, 07 Nov 2012 00:00:00 EST Two NIH landmark studies show power of epidemiology research; underscore need to address health disparities Heart disease risk factors are widespread among Hispanic/Latino adults in the United States, with 80 percent of men and 71 percent of women having at least one risk factor for heart disease, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health; Researchers from the NIH-supported REGARDS study found that black men and women were about twice as likely to die from coronary heart disease (CHD) compared with their age-matched white counterparts. Tue, 06 Nov 2012 00:00:00 EST Breaking News from Society for Neuroscience 2012 Hundreds of NIH-funded studies are being presented at the 2012 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting. Here, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has highlighted a selection of studies and events led by our grantees. Wed, 17 Oct 2012 00:00:00 EDT NIH researchers provide detailed view of brain protein structure Researchers have published the first highly detailed description of how neurotensin, a neuropeptide hormone which modulates nerve cell activity in the brain, interacts with its receptor. Their results suggest that neuropeptide hormones use a novel binding mechanism to activate a class of receptors called G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). Wed, 10 Oct 2012 00:00:00 EDT NIH–sponsored workshop calls for more detailed reporting in animal studies A workshop sponsored by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) has produced a set of consensus recommendations to improve the design and reporting of animal studies. By making animal studies easier to replicate and interpret, the workshop recommendations are expected to help funnel promising therapies to patients. Wed, 10 Oct 2012 00:00:00 EDT