Documenting the extent and understanding the causes of disparities in accessing and receiving cancer-related health services is a major cross-cutting
research theme supported by the Health Services and Economics Branch (HSEB). We study health disparities by race/ethnicity and the socioeconomic status of
individuals and by the socioeconomic characteristics of the community environment.
Studies & Initiatives
Tools & Data Sources
The California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) cancer control items, co-supported
by NCI, collect detailed information on the use of cancer screening services by racial/ethnic groups not well covered by other surveys, including
Hispanics, Asians, Pacific-Islanders, and African-Americans.
The Health Disparities Calculator (HD*Calc), which is supported by the Applied Research
Program and the Surveillance Research Program within NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, is statistical software designed to generate
multiple summary measures to evaluate and monitor health disparities. HD*Calc allows the user to import SEER data or other population-based health data and
calculate any of eleven disparity measurements.
Workshops & Conferences
In September 2008, a workshop entitled
Methodological and Conceptual Issues in Conducting Research on Racial/Ethnic Discrimination in Healthcare Delivery
, sponsored by several institutes of the National Institutes of Health, was held in Bethesda, MD.
In February 2011, a conference entitled The Science of Research on Discrimination and Health, sponsored by the NCI, was held in Bethesda, MD. The agenda for the conference and an archived videocast are available. A related journal supplement was published in May 2012.
A supplement (May 2012) to the American Journal of Public Health
aims to highlight the need for and state of empirical research on racial/ethnic discrimination and its association with the health and health care received
by racial/ethnic minority populations.
Publications: Health Disparities
includes articles on studies that have examined cancer-related health disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status.