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Browse standards and models, based on the type of technical solution.

Applications Technology

Technical tools (software), such as application servers and Web servers, that enable the development of software applications that automate specific business tasks.


Technologies and tools, such as email, messaging, workflow, and document and content management, that enable NIH users to access vital information resources, share information, and work and communicate effectively and efficiently with peers, customers, and the public.

Data Technology

Technical tools (software), such as data warehouses or other databases, that enable information storage, retrieval, management, and analysis.

Integration Technology

Technical infrastructure, including middleware, Web services, integration adapters, and business process management tools, thatenables applications to communicate with each other effectively while preserving information and data integrity.


The major technical elements required to provide data and Internet communications between NIH institutions and locations around the globe, as well as communications with business partner sites, universities, hospitals, and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) operating divisions (OpDivs).


Basic technologies of a computer system's hardware and software that defines how it is operated and determine what other kinds of software can be used with it.


Confidentiality, integrity, and availability of NIH information and information systems such that the level of protection is commensurate with risk.

Systems Management

Processes and tools that monitor the hardware, software, applications, networks, and operational elements in the NIH information technology (IT) environment.