Articles Tagged ‘detection’

Sequencing techniques uncover mutations in genes that can increase cancer risk

Device on benchtop in lab, featuring open lid for placement of microarray chip and to the right, a read-out screen.

Sequencing the human genome was just the beginning—now that the findings from that landmark effort are widely available, scientists are working to put that data to work to understand the genetic causes of many diseases, including cancer, by using the latest sequencing techniques.

National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) publishes results [Video]

Scientists have found a 20 percent reduction in deaths from lung cancer among current or former heavy smokers who were screened with low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) versus those screened by chest X-ray. This finding provides a more extensive analysis of the data originally reported in November 2010 while providing additional data to the public and research community without barriers to access.

Studies Uncover Associations between Human Papillomavirus and Oral Cancer

Release of HPV genetic material in a cell’s nucleus.

NCI-supported research is contributing to the understanding of how the human papillomavirus (HPV) causes oral cancer. These research efforts are identifying factors and behaviors that may put some people at high risk for the disease. While oral cancer caused by tobacco use has declined over the past 30 years, oral cancers associated with HPV have [...]