Articles Tagged ‘HPV’

Studies Uncover Associations between Human Papillomavirus and Oral Cancer

Release of HPV genetic material in a cell’s nucleus.

NCI-supported research is contributing to the understanding of how the human papillomavirus (HPV) causes oral cancer. These research efforts are identifying factors and behaviors that may put some people at high risk for the disease. While oral cancer caused by tobacco use has declined over the past 30 years, oral cancers associated with HPV have [...]

Cancer Vaccine Primer

How immune cells are activated to attack foreign invaders

Cancer vaccines are intended to treat existing cancers or to prevent the development of cancer.

Therapeutic vaccines are designed to treat cancer by stimulating the immune system to recognize and attack human cancer cells without harming normal cells. Prophylactic vaccines are given to healthy individuals to stimulate the immune system to attack cancer-causing viruses and prevent viral infection.

NCI Pursues Vaccines to Prevent and Treat Cancer

How immune cells are activated to attack foreign invaders

Vaccines are commonly used to prevent diseases such as measles, mumps, and polio. In addition to preventing sickness, cancer researchers want to capitalize on the ability of vaccines to stimulate the body’s immune system to mount an assault on existing cancer cells.

In this issue, BenchMarks examines prevention and treatment cancer vaccines. A fact sheet provides the latest information on how cancer vaccines are being made, which are furthest along in testing, and what cancers are being targeted. To get a better picture of how cancer vaccines work, click on the animation, which shows how immune cells are activated to attack foreign invaders. The main BenchMarks article is an interview with Douglas Lowy, M.D., from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) who has developed the technology underlying the prevention vaccine for human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes cervical cancer. Lowy, along with other NCI vaccine researchers, also spoke at a Science Writers Seminar on March 21, 2003 (PowerPoint presentations are available, and a video archive of the seminar can be found at BenchMarks has provided a soundbite from Lowy’s BenchMarks interview, which can be found at the audio clips button. And stills from the animation are also available.