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Research Grant Mechanisms

This page summarizes the major mechanisms NIGMS uses to fund research grants and lists special areas of interest where appropriate. It also lists several types of administrative supplements available to principal investigators with active NIGMS research grants. For those who would like more detailed information, references are given to specific issues of the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts in which the announcements of various grant mechanisms and program emphases appeared.

The NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts is issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to convey policy and administrative information and to help interested individuals and organizations keep informed of opportunities, requirements and changes in grant and contract activities administered by NIH components.

The particular set of forms used to apply for an NIH grant depends on which grant mechanism is to be used and whether an electronic or paper application is required. Complete information regarding forms, deadlines and other NIH policies is available on the NIH Web site at

Research Project Grants (R01)

Research project grants are awarded to eligible institutions on behalf of a principal investigator to support a discrete project related to the investigator's area of interest and competence.

Program Project Grants (P01)

Program project grants represent synergistic research programs that are designed to achieve results not attainable by investigators working independently.

Support of Scientific Meetings (R13, U13)

NIGMS supports scientific meetings, conferences and workshops that are relevant to its scientific mission.

Minority Biomedical Research Support (MBRS) Awards (S06, R25)

MBRS awards grants to educational institutions with substantial minority enrollments to support research by faculty members; strengthen the institutions' biomedical research capabilities; and provide opportunities for students to work as part of a research team.

Bridges to the Baccalaureate Program (R25)

This initiative provides support to institutions to help students make transitions at a critical stage in their development as scientists. The program helps students transition from two-year junior or community colleges to full four-year baccalaureate programs.

Bridges to the Doctorate Program (R25)

This initiative provides support to institutions to help students make a critical transition in their development as scientists. The program is aimed at helping students transition from master's degree programs to Ph.D. programs.

Academic Research Enhancement Awards (AREA) (R15)

AREA awards provide funding for small-scale, new or ongoing health-related research projects, including pilot research projects and feasibility studies; development, testing and refinement of research techniques; secondary analysis of available data sets; and similar discrete research projects that demonstrate research capability.

Exploratory/Development Grants (R21)

NIGMS participates in several R21-based funding opportunity announcements to stimulate the exploration of new, high-risk research and development in specifically defined areas. This includes an NIGMS biomedical technology program funding opportunity for instrument development for biomedical applications. NIGMS does not participate in the NIH parent R21 funding opportunity announcement.

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program (R43/44)

SBIR grants stimulate technological innovation, use small business to meet Federal research and development needs, increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development, and foster and encourage participation by minority and disadvantaged persons in technological innovation.

Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program (R41/42)

NIH awards grants under the STTR Program for research or research and development of new technologies and methodologies that have the potential to succeed as commercial products.

Administrative Supplements

Principal investigators with active NIGMS research grants may apply for administrative supplements in the specific areas below. NIGMS will also accept administrative supplement applications to address certain unanticipated circumstances, but funds for this purpose are limited.

NIGMS Administrative Supplements for Collaborative Science (SCS)

NIGMS principal investigators may apply for administrative supplements to form new multidisciplinary collaborations with other members of the scientific community.

Research Supplements to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research

As part of an NIH-wide program, principal investigators holding active NIGMS research grants may request supplemental funds to improve the diversity of the research workforce. Support of more than one graduate student or postdoctoral fellow on a grant is possible.

Supplements to Promote Re-entry into Biomedical and Behavioral Research Careers

NIGMS participates in an NIH-wide program that provides administrative supplements to research grants to support individuals with high potential to re-enter an active research career after taking time off to care for children or parents or to attend to other family responsibilities.

This page last reviewed on April 12, 2012