OER Grants: Grants Compliance & Oversight
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Grants Compliance & Oversight

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About Grants Compliance and Oversight

This site provides Federal requirements, guidelines and resources for the extramural community involving grants compliance. The information provided on this website is designed to assist the extramural community in understanding the compliance obligations of their grant award, and understand the proper use of grant funds.

Division of Grants Compliance and Oversight at NIH 
The Division of Grants Compliance and Oversight (DGCO) is the focal point to advance external compliance with policy and legislative mandates and enhance compliance oversight by recipient institutions. The DGCO also ensures and evaluates the efficient and effective management of extramural resources.

Director:  Diane Dean 


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Compliance Requirements At A Glance

Recipients of NIH grant funds must comply with all applicable Federal statutes (such as those included in appropriations acts) regulations, and policies. Additionally, they must also comply with their institutional requirements. The table below summarizes the Federal administrative requirements, cost principles and audit requirements applicable to NIH grants.

Compliance Requirements At A Glance
Grantee Type
Admin Requirements
Cost Principles
Audit Requirements
State & Local Governments A-102 (45CFR Part 92) A-87 (2 CFR Part 225 - PDF 362 KB) A-133 (PDF 172 KB)
College & Universities A-110 (2 CFR Part 215) Formerly at (45 CFR Part 74) A-21 (2 CFR Part 220 - PDF 384 KB) A-133 (PDF 172 KB)
Non-Profits A-110 (2 CFR Part 215) Formerly at (45 CFR Part 74) A-122 (2 CFR Part 230 - PDF 362 KB) A-133 (PDF 172 KB)
Hospitals A-110 (2 CFR Part 215) Formerly at (45 CFR Part 74) 45 CFR Part 74, App E A-133 (PDF 172 KB)
For-Profits A-110 (2 CFR Part 215) Formerly at (45 CFR Part 74) FAR 31.2 (48 CFR Subpart 31.2) 45 CFR Part 74.26
Foreign (2 CFR Part 215) Formerly at (45 CFR Part 74 or Part 92) As stated above for grantee type NIH GPS (same as 45 CFR Part 74.26)

Grantees also need to comply with:

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NIH Compliance Activities

NIH and its recipient institutions share responsibility for compliance and oversight to ensure good stewardship of Federal funds. The relationship between NIH and its grantees is predicated on trust. Grantees are expected to properly administer sponsored activities and comply with applicable regulations and policies.

NIH Site Visits and Targeted Site Reviews
  • Proactive Compliance Site Visits (PCSV)s:

  • DGCO initiated a series of site visits in FY 2000 to:

    • assess institutional understanding of Federal policies and regulations
    • minimize or eliminate areas of non-compliance
    • nurture partnerships between NIH and its grantee institutions

    The site visits are not designed to address specific problems. They are not viewed as investigations or audits. Rather, they are conducted in a proactive mode, intended to facilitate dialogue regarding NIH policies in a non-crises, non-adversarial manner.

    Proactive Compliance Site Visits FY 2000-FY 2004: A Compendium of Findings and Observations (11/02/2002), Updated: May 30, 2007. (MS Word - 74.0 KB) - The purpose of this document is to summarize observations and comments from the NIH PCSVs and to serve as an education al tool to promote awareness of and compliance with NIH policies.

  • Targeted Site Reviews:

  • The Targeted Site Review (TSR) program is an NIH initiative that focuses specifically on compliance with Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) regulations (42 CFR Part 50 Subpart F) as they pertain to NIH grants. The TSRs are part of NIH's oversight responsibilities and were developed to determine if (1) grantee institutions are fully and correctly implementing the FCOI regulation, and (2) reporting requirements are being met.

    Observations from NIH's FY2006 Targeted Site Reviews on Financial Conflict of Interest (02/15/2007) - (MS Word - 53 KB) - The purpose of this document is to provide the wider grantee community with observations made during the TSRs and to serve as a resource in evaluating the implementation of the Federal FCOI regulations.

NIH’s Pilot Compliance Program
  • NIH Guide Notice (10/25/2007) - Pilot Compliance Program—Financial Conflict of Interest Requirements for All NIH-Supported Institutions. The purpose of the pilot compliance program is to assess institutional implementation and compliance with the regulatory requirements of the Federal financial conflict of interest (FCOI) in research pertaining to NIH grants and cooperative agreements. This pilot program is an outgrowth of the NIH Targeted Site Reviews on FCOI that focused on institutional compliance with the FCOI regulation.

Proactive Compliance Oversight Program
  • NIH Guide Notice NOT-OD-12-159 (09/21/2012) – Proactive Compliance Oversight Program – Financial Conflict of Interest for all NIH-Supported Institutions.  The purpose of the proactive compliance program is to assess institutional implementation and compliance with the 2011 revised Federal financial conflict of interest requirements pertaining to NIH grants and cooperative agreements. 

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Compliance Resources

Conflict of Interest Information
NIH Presentations on Compliance

Note: Some terminology used in these presentations may have changed but the compliance principles have not. Please refer to the Glossary on the NIH Grants Policy for current terms and definitions.

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Reporting Compliance Concerns

If you have questions or concerns about an NIH grant you may consider contacting:

  • Your institutions' Office of Sponsored Research or other responsible office
  • The NIH Chief Grants Management Officer (GMO) listed on the Notice of Award (NoA) for the Institute or Center that funded the grant
  • The Division of Grants Compliance and Oversight, (DGCO) Office of Policy for Extramural Research Administration (OPERA), Office of Extramural Research (OER) at GrantsCompliance@nih.gov

To make a formal allegation about an NIH funded grant or cooperative agreement contact either:

HHS OIG Hotline

Matters involving fraud, waste and mismanagement in any Department of Health and Human Services program(s), including NIH funded grants or cooperative agreements, should be reported to the Office of Inspector General (OIG). The OIG maintains a hotline which offers a confidential means for reporting vital information.

Contacting the HHS OIG Hotline: http://oig.hhs.gov/fraud/hotline/

For more information visit the HHS OIG Web Page

NIH Office of Management Assessment, Division of Program Integrity  

You may also report allegations of fraud, waste, and abuse involving NIH funded grants or cooperative agreements to the NIH Office of Management Assessment/Division of Program Integrity:

National Institutes of Health
Office of Management Assessment
Division of Program Integrity
6011 Executive Blvd. , MSC 7669
Rockville , MD 20852

Phone: (301) 496-5586
Fax: (301) 402-0548

For more information visit http://oma.od.nih.gov/pi/dpi.html

Office of Research Integrity

Matters regarding research integrity (i.e. plagiarism, falsification, or fabrication) should be reported to the Office of Research Integrity (ORI):

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of Research Integrity
1101 Wootton Parkway, Suite 750
Rockville, Maryland 20852


For more information visit http://ori.hhs.gov/


This page last updated on February 5, 2013
Content Manager: GrantsCompliance@nih.gov
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