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Unemployment Insurance (UI)

The Department of Labor's Unemployment Insurance (UI) programs provide unemployment benefits to eligible workers who become unemployed through no fault of their own, and meet certain other eligibility requirements.
The following resources provide information about who is eligible for these benefits and how to file a claim.

DOL Web Pages on This Topic

Map pf Unemployment Insurance (UI) Improper Payments By State

Unemployment Insurance (UI) Improper Payments By State

  • The U.S. Department of Labor has been working collaboratively with our state partners to identify several robust strategies that focus on the prevention of overpayments and will yield the highest impact in reducing UI improper payment rates.

Unemployment Insurance-related Provisions of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012

  • Guidance, project information, important dates, fact sheets, and more.

State Unemployment Insurance

  • The Federal-State Unemployment Insurance Program provides unemployment benefits to eligible workers who are unemployed through no fault of their own (as determined under state law), and meet other eligibility requirements of state law.

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

  • Disaster Unemployment Assistance provides financial assistance to individuals whose employment or self-employment has been lost or interrupted as a direct result of a major disaster declared by the President of the United States.

Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees

  • The Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program provides benefits for eligible unemployed former civilian federal employees.

Unemployment Compensation for Ex-Servicemembers

  • The Unemployment Compensation for Ex-Servicemembers program provides benefits for eligible ex-military personnel.

Extended Benefits

  • Extended Benefits are available to workers who have exhausted regular unemployment insurance benefits during periods of high unemployment.

Trade Readjustment Allowances (TRA)

  • Trade Readjustment Allowances are income support to persons who have exhausted Unemployment Compensation and whose jobs were affected by foreign imports.

Self-Employment Assistance

  • Self-Employment Assistance offers dislocated workers the opportunity for early re-employment.

Through American Job Centers, all citizens can access services tailored to their individual needs. This includes employment and job training services, career planning and guidance and much more. provides electronic tools to assist workers with finding a job, utilizing available training opportunities or conducting career planning. There is no cost to businesses or workers who use this service.

The Department of Labor's toll-free Call Center can assist workers and employers with questions about Job Loss, Layoffs, Business Closures, Unemployment Benefits and Job Training: 1-877-US-2JOBS (TTY: 1-877-889-5627)

Additional information on topics relevant to the unemployed can be found on the Department of Labor's Web interface, Find It! By Audience - Job Seekers/Unemployed.