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National Institute of Justice (NIJ): Research, Development, Evaluation

Drugs and Crime Research

The National Institute of Justice sponsors research on alcohol and others drugs in the context of the criminal justice system to promote effective law enforcement, court and corrections responses to illegal drug markets and criminal behavior related to illicit drug use.

Research Portfolio

NIJ's drugs and crime research informs crime reduction through several approaches:

See an overview of NIJ-Funded Research Projects.


NIJ funds research to increase the field's understanding of relationships between drugs, alcohol, violence and crime. For example, read the research about whether domestic violence abusers are likely to be drug and/or alcohol abusers, part of the report Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research.

Prevention and Intervention

NIJ funds projects to identify and evaluate strategies (including treatment) to prevent, deter or reduce drug- and alcohol-related crime. See:

Drug Markets

NIJ funds projects to increase the field's understanding about the dynamics of drug production and distribution in domestic and international markets. See:

Market Disruption

NIJ funds projects to identify and evaluate strategies to disrupt drug markets at different levels and by type of market.


NIJ funds projects to identify and assess new drug-testing and detection methods, technologies and strategies. See:

Research Projects

Historically, NIJ's Office of Research and Evaluation managed multimillion-dollar drugs and crime projects including the Breaking the Cycle demonstration, the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners evaluation and the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program.

Between fiscal years 2005 and 2010, NIJ funded nearly $18 million in drugs and crime research. About $5 million are invested in studies managed by NIJ's Office of Investigative and Forensic Sciences. 

NIJ's projects are often developed in collaboration with other federal agencies including:

Date Modified: May 2, 2012