Archive for 2004

Benchmarks articles from the selected year appear below. To view articles from previous years, use the links to the left, and select the year you wish to see.

Breast Cancer and the Environment Studies Supported by the National Cancer Institute

Go to Animation - Still image from BenchMarks Animation - Jet Stream Dispersing I-131 across the U.S.

The National Cancer Institute supports a large research portfolio which identifies environmental risk factors for breast cancer and explores biological pathways that link exposures to cancer and the genetic factors that affect a person’s susceptibility to cancer.

The Search for a New Method to Increase Screening for Colorectal Cancer

Virtual Colonoscopy

Even though it is estimated that over 90 percent of patients with colorectal cancer could be cured if detected at an early stage, colorectal cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer death in the nation. This is believed to be due to the fact that the screening rate for the disease lags far behind that of other cancers, with only 30 to 40 percent of people over 50 years old actually being screened for colorectal cancer.

Physical Activity and Cancer

person on a scale

What is physical activity?

Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal
muscles; such movement results in an expenditure of energy. Physical activity is a
critical component of energy balance, a term used to describe how weight, diet, and
physical activity influence health, including cancer risk.