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 James D. Watson

Source: NIH

"To have success in science, you need some luck. Without it, I would never have become interested in genetics. I was 17, almost 3 years into college, and after a summer in the North Woods, I came back to the University of Chicago and spotted the tiny book What is Life by the theoretical physicist Erwin Schrodinger. In that little gem, Schrodinger said the essence of life was the gene. Up until then, I was interested in birds. But then I thought, well, if the gene is the essence of life, I want to know more about it. And that was fateful because, otherwise, I would have spent my life studying birds and no one would have heard of me."

- James D. Watson

 Barbara McClintock

Source: NLM


"I have been asked, notably by young investigators, just how I felt during the long period when my work was ignored, dismissed, or aroused frustration. At first, I must admit, I was surprised and then puzzled, as I thought the evidence and the logic sustaining my interpretation of it, were sufficiently revealing. It soon became clear, however, that tacit assumptions - the substance of dogma - served as a barrier to effective communication."

- Barbara McClintock

Academic Centers


Duke University, Trent Center for the Study of Bioethics, Humanities, and History of Medicine 
Duke University, Kenan Institute for Ethics 
Duke University, Institute for Genome Ethics, Law, and Policy 
Georgetown University, Kennedy Institute of Ethics 
Harvard University Medical School, Division of Medical Ethics 
The Hastings Center 
Illinois Institute of Technology, Center for the Study of Ethics and the Professions 
Johns Hopkins University, Berman Institute for Bioethics 
Stanford University, Center for Biomedical Ethics 
University of California at San Diego, Research Ethics 
University of Louisville, Institute for Bioethics, Health Policy and Law 
University of Minnesota, Center for Bioethics 
University of North Carolina, Center for Bioethics 
University of North Carolina, Center for Genome, Ethics, and Society 
University of North Carolina, Parr Center for Ethics 
University of Pennsylvania, Center for Bioethics 
University of Texas Medical Branch, Institute for Medical Humanities 
Wake Forest University, Center for Bioethics, Health, and Society 



Animal Research


NRC Guide to the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals 
Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care 


Authorship and Publication


Committee on Publication Ethics, Code of Conduct 
ICMJE Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals 


Ethics Codes


American Bar Association, Model Rules of Professional Conduct 
American Chemical Society, The Chemist Professional’s Code of Conduct  
American College of Epidemiology, Ethics Guidelines 
American College of Medical Toxicology, Code of Ethics 
American Medical Association, Code of Medical Ethics 
American Nurses Association, Code of Ethics 
American Physical Society, Guidelines for Professional Conduct 
American Psychological Association, Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct 
American Public Health Association, Principles for the Ethical Practice of Public Health 
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Code of Ethics 
American Society for Microbiology, Code of Ethics 
American Society of Civil Engineers, Code of Ethics 
American Society of Human Genetics, Code of Ethics 
American Sociological Association, Code of Ethics 
American Statistical Association, Code of Conduct 
College of Pathology, Code of Ethics 
The Endocrine Society, Code of Ethics 
Institute for Electronic and Electrical Engineers, Code of Ethics 
International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Code of Ethics 
Singapore Statement on Research Integrity 
Society of Toxicology, Code of Ethics 


Human Research


Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs 
Belmont Report 
CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects 
Common Rule: 45 CFR 46 Protection of Human Subjects 
International Conference on Harmonization, Good Clinical Practice 
Nuremberg Code 
World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki 


Intellectual Property


USPTO General Information Concerning Patents 
US Copyright Office Copyright Basics 
Freedom of Information Regulations 




Accountability in Research 
American Journal of Bioethics 
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 
Developing World Bioethics 
Environmental Ethics 
Hastings Center Report 
Health Care Analysis 
IRB: Ethics and Human Research 
Issues in Science and Technology 
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 
Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 
Journal of Medical Ethics 
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 
Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy 
Politics and the Life Sciences 
Science and Engineering Ethics 
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 


Responsible Conduct of Research


NAS On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct of Research 
NAS Responsible Science (vol. 1) 
NAS Integrity in Scientific Research 
Office of Research Integrity, Introduction to Responsible Conduct of Research 


Scientific Misconduct


Federal Research Misconduct Policy 


Professional Organizations


Alliance for Human Research Protection 
AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs 
American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities 
Association of Clinical Research Professionals 
Association of Practical and Professional Ethics 
Committee on Publication Ethics 
International Association of Bioethics 
Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research 
Sigma Xi 

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